How to apply Kantian Ethics and Hedonic Calculus?

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ellisha-od
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"Can the actions of Robin Hood be morally justified?" is my question for my philosophy essay and my teacher has told me to apply Kantian Ethics and Hedonic Calculus but I'm not too sure how to do that, please help. Thank you
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meganm0ore
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(Original post by ellisha-od)
"Can the actions of Robin Hood be morally justified?" is my question for my philosophy essay and my teacher has told me to apply Kantian Ethics and Hedonic Calculus but I'm not too sure how to do that, please help. Thank you
So Kantian Ethics is all about whether the rules have been followed (most importantly the categorical imperative) There are many aspects of this such as the universal law which states that what if an action is moral for one person, it must be moral for all. But there are other aspects of the categorical imperative so for an act to be moral, it must fulfill all of this criteria. The intentions must also be sound for an action to be moral (so if Robin Hood had good intentions, perhaps his actions could be morally justified)
The Hedonic Calculus is from Utilitarianism and so if focused on pleasure. An act is moral if it brings about pleasure and the Hedonic Calculus helps to calculate how much pleasure has been brought about, including factors such as duration, intensity etc. This focuses on the consequences of an action so basically if the action does not bring about pleasure, or brings about more pain than pleasure, it is immoral.
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gjd800
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For Kant you basically need to ask if stealing from the rich to redistribute to the poor can ever be a categorical imperative, i.e. can it be a duty that is universally implemented in every situation as an end in itself? It needs to be universally implemented as it is an end in itself and not a means to an end. The thing to remember with Kant is that he isn't bothered if you are *happy* about the duty, only that it can be universally decreed as 'right'. Kant generally thinks that theft cannot be justified if the agent is a free one (i.e. if he has a choice and is not coerced). This is something you should support with some actual Kant quotes, i suppose.

The hedonic calculus is just a Utilitarian way of trying to calculate the maximum amount of good in a given moral situation. In an instance like this, it might be the case that Robin Hood's stealing would would hurt one person (the rich person from whom he has stolen), but that it brings happiness to 100 starving people. According to Utility/the hedonic calculus, this would make Hood's actions morally defensible as the damage caused is greatly outweighed by the happiness delivered.
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gjd800
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You would need to go into more detail, but that is the basis - Kant would not support Robin Hood whereas a Utilitarian probably would (at least in certain circumstances under certain conditions).
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username2370311
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(Original post by ellisha-od)
"Can the actions of Robin Hood be morally justified?" is my question for my philosophy essay and my teacher has told me to apply Kantian Ethics and Hedonic Calculus but I'm not too sure how to do that, please help. Thank you

Hi, was this a 12 marker or a 25 marker?
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