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Efforts to save the tiger from extinction will be stepped up this year after the World Wide Fund for Nature
(WWF) placed the animal at the top of its list of the most endangered species.
Conservationists say there are just 3,200 tigers left in the world as the future of the species is threatened
by poachers, destruction of their habitat and climate change. This means that the world population of
tigers has fallen by 95 per cent in the past century.
Tiger numbers have dwindled as a result of activities by humans. Demand for tiger skins, still regarded
as luxury items in some countries, has left them at the mercy of poachers who have increasingly targeted
the animals. The threat is compounded by the market for their body parts, which are considered to hold
medicinal properties in some cultures. Poachers also hunt many species which are the prey of tigers,
diminishing their natural food supply, and forcing them to attack farmers' livestock instead. At the same
time, destruction of forests for timber, agriculture and road building has forced tigers into ever smaller
areas where they are increasingly vulnerable. Climate change also poses a growing threat - 70 per cent
of the Bengal tiger's remaining habitat in the Sunderbans mangrove forest may be lost within 50 years
owing to rising sea levels.
The WWF said it intends to intensify pressure to save the tiger by classifying it as the most at risk on its
list of 10 critically endangered animals. It hopes to increase patrols and work with politicians to eradicate
poaching and prevent illegal trade of tiger skins and body parts. The wildlife charity aims to work with
governments to promote more responsible forest management. It also wants them to provide
compensation for farmers whose livestock are killed by tigers, to prevent them being hunted.
Of the nine main subspecies of tigers, three - the Bali, Caspian and Java tigers - are now extinct, and
there has been no reliable sighting of a fourth, the South China tiger, for 25 years. Only the Bengal,
Amur, Indo-Chinese, Sumatran and Malayan tigers remain but their numbers have been reduced to a
few hundred per species, apart from the Bengal and Indo-Chinese species.
To save the tiger, we have to save its habitat, which is also home to many other threatened species.
So, if we get things right and save the tiger, we will also save many other species at the same time

Read carefully Passage B 3,200 Left on Earthin the Reading Booklet Insert and then answer Question
3a) and (b) on this Question Paper.
Question 3
Answer the questions in the order set.
Notes
What do you learn about why tigers are an endangered species and what is being done to try
to protect them, according to Passage B?
Write your answers using short notes Write one point per line.
You do not need to use your own words.
Up to 10 marks are available for the content of your answer.
Why tigers are an endangered species and what is being done to try to protect them.

Why tigers are an endangered species
1. Only 3,200 left in the world / population fallen by 95% in last 100 years.
2. They are hunted / killed (by poachers for their skins / body parts).
3. … because there is a demand in some cultures for luxury / medical items from tigers.
4. The tigers’ food supply is reduced / poachers also kill tigers’ natural prey.
5. The tigers’ habitat is reduced / destroyed by the need for timber, agriculture, road
building etc. reduce / tigers are forced into smaller living area.
6. Climate change /rising sea levels
7. WWF intend to increase pressure…
8. to classify tigers as one of the (ten) most endangered species
9. to increase patrols.
10. (work with governments) to eradicate poaching/illegal trade in tiger skins etc.
11. (work with governments) to enforce better forest management / protect the environment.
12. (work with governments) to compensate farmers whose livestock are killed by tigers.
13. (work with governments) to discourage farmers from hunting tigers that kill livestock

summary

The tiger is endangered because of the destruction of their habitat, climate change, not enough food source and overhunting.
The increase in hunting of tigers is because they are used to make luxury items as well as their body parts considered to be used in medical. Many other species are also killed by poachers which are destroying food chain.Many of the tigers died because they feed upon the animals that are killed by poachers.
WWF started work to save tigers. They include them in most critical endangered species list to increase pressure on government and politicians to prevent illegally hunting of tigers for their body parts.WWF also raise awareness to save forest because forests are home to tigers and they also educated the farmers not to kill tigers.The change of climate is also one of the main factors for decreasing tiger's population.

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