WJEC Religious Studies Paper 1: Wed 15th May 2017 PERFECT REIVISION NOTES FOR A*Watch
Ø Responsibilities: Duties you are expected to carry out.
Example: Following the laws of the country
Ø Commitments: Being dedicated to someone and making promises and keeping them.
Example: Marriage vows
Ø Conflict: The stresses and strains which occur within relationships.
Ø Reconciliation: Apologising and making up after an argument.
Ø Love: One of the most powerful human emotions.
Example: Eros (romantic love)
Ø Chastity: No sex before marriage – to remain sexually pure.
Example: Purity rings
o Adultery - “have nothing to do with adultery for it is a shameful thing”
Adultery - “do not come near to adultery. It is a shameful and evil way which opens the way to other evils”
o Love and Marriage - “he has put love and mercy in your hearts”
o Sex before Marriage - “when a husband and wife share intimacy it is rewarded and a blessing from Allah”
Sex before Marriage - “take in marriage those among you who are single”
Sex before marriage - “if you cannot restrain your desires go ahead and marry”
o Divorce - “the most detestable act Allah has permitted is divorce” (hadith)
o Homosexuality - “if two men among you commit indecency, punish them both”
Homosexuality - “you lust after men instead of women. Truly, you are a degenerate people”
Homosexuality – “Kill the one that is doing it and also kill the one it is being done to” (hadith)
- Divorce - “what God has joined together let no man separate”
Divorce - “anyone who divorces his wife, except for adultery, and marries another, commits adultery” (Jesus)
- Sex before Marriage - “your body is a temple of the holy spirit”
- Contraception - “go forth and multiply”
Contraception - “every sexual act must be open to the transmission of new life”
- Adultery - “thou shall not commit adultery”
- Homosexuality - “it is the nature and quality of a relationship that matters”(Quakers)
Homosexuality -“people who are...homosexual perverts...none shall receive the kingdom of heaven”
- Family - “Anyone who doesn’t provide for his relatives … is worse than a non-believer”
Family - “Honour your father and mother”
Is it fair?
- Ø Equality: The belief or state that everyone should have equal rights and opportunity.
Example: Free health care
- Ø Identity: The sense of who you are in terms of attitudes, character and personality.
Example: You are unique
- Ø Injustice: Where everyone is not treated with fairness.
Example: Lack of shelter and food
- Ø Authority: Power over others through position or moral teachings.
Example: Prime-minister, Pope
- Ø Prejudice: Judging someone before you know them to be inferior or superior.
- Ø Discrimination: The actions of treating groups of people differently.
o Human Rights - “believers stand up firmly for justice as witnesses for Allah”
o Prejudice - “all people are equal like the teeth of a comb” (hadith)
o Wealth - “if you possessed all the gold on earth, you could not buy your place in the hereafter with it” (hadith)
o Charity - “give 2.5% of your earnings to charity” (zakat)
Charity - “and if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole of humanity”
Charity - “the best of you is he (or she) who is most benefit to others” (hadith)
o Women - “paradise lies at the feet of your mother”
o Equality and Injustice - “God loves those who are fair and just”
Equality and Injustice – “deal not unjustly, and you shall not be dealt with unjustly”
o Islamic Relief: Allah made everything as a part of the Ummah (life is a test); duty to care for others
Human dignity - “Love your neighbour as yourself”
Equality - “God made man and women in his own image”
Discrimination - “Treat others how you want to be treated”
Wealth - “the love of money is the root of all evil”
Wealth - “it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than a rich man to enter the kingdom of heaven” Injustice - “he has sent me to proclaim liberty to the captives...to set free the oppressed”
Women - “I will comfort you...as a mother comforts her child”
CAFOD: “for I was hungry and you gave me food”
Martin Luther King Jr. – Pacifist for racial equality. “if someone hits on the right cheek show them the left”
Oscar Romero – Pacifist against corrupt government.
Looking for meaning
- Ø God – The ultimate and powerful being. (No scientific evidence/suffering in the world/personal bad experiences)
Example: creator of the world.
- Ø Afterlife – The belief that human existence continues after death.
Example: Heaven and hell.
- Ø Awe - Completely overwhelmed by a sense of God’s presence.
Example: amazement at nature.
- Ø Revelation – the ways that God chooses to reveal himself to people.
- Ø Community – A group of people who share something in common.
- Ø Symbolism – An object or action with a special meaning.
Example: Cross showing Jesus died for humanity.
Islam Quotes: Moon and star represent universe creation, 99 names of Allah,
- o Life After Death - “whoever has faith and has done good works shall rejoice in a fair garden”
Life After Death – “those who have disbelieved shall be delivered up for punishment”
Life After Death - “all things shall in the end return to your lord”
Life After Death - “he brings forth the living from the dead and the dead from the living”
- o Prayer - “bow down your head with those who bow down in worship
- o Judgement Day - “no one dies unless Allah permits. The term of every life is fixed”
Christian Quotes: Crucifix represents Jesus’ sacrifice, Holy trinity
Life After Death - “paradise is like a banquet, to be enjoyed”
Life After Death - “today you will be with me in paradise” (Jesus)
Life After Death - “whoever believeth shall not perish, but have eternal life”
Private Prayer - “but when you pray go into your room, close the door and pray to God in secret”
Judgement Day – “whenever you did it onto one of the least of my brothers you did it onto me”
- Ø Creation – The way in which something is uniquely made
Example: The world.
- Ø Dominion – Being in charge or having power over something
Example: Human’s dominion over animals.
- Ø Environment – The surroundings of a place where a human being lives.
Example: One’s home.
- Ø Humanity – All of the people who live on earth
Example: showing love to others shows humanity
- Ø Soul – The part of a human which is believed to live on after death
Example: Heaven and Hell
- Ø Stewardship – The responsibility God gave to care for the world we were given.
o Stewardship - “live in this world as if you were going to live forever”
Stewardship - “the whole earth has been created a place of worship, pure and clean”
o Creation - “and we made from water all living things”
Creation - “God is the creator of all things and over all things he has authority”
Creation - “he creates what you know not”
o Animal Rights - “it is God who provided for you all manner of livestock, that you may ride on some of them and from some you may derive your food”
Animal Rights - “there is a reward for acts of charity to every beast alive”
o Dominion – “Live in this world as if you were going to live forever”
Creation - “So God created human beings, making them to be like himself.”
Creation - “then the lord God took some soil from the ground and formed a man out of it”
Animal Rights - “a righteous man cares for the needs of his animal”
Animal Rights - “everything that lives and moves will be food for you”
Stewardship - “the lord God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of it”
Stewardship – “do not waste your God given talent”
Dominion – “Rule over the fish of the sea and birds of the air”