I have created a revision resource with lots of analysis techniques and themes etc.
I have also added 3 sample exam questions, but i'm not sure how to answer them...
I've got my exam on monday (AQA if that helps) and i'm never sure how to approach an exam question
Here is the link if the document is too large to put onto here - https://docs.google.com/document/d/1...cfqVxXiE/edit#
Here is the whole document
All of Act I
Act II Scene II
Act II Scene IV
Act III Scene I
Act III Scene II
Act III Scene III
Act III Scene IV
Act III Scene V
Act IV Scene I
Act V Scene I
Act V Scene III
Act V Scene V
As Shakespeare was writing for his own company, he did not need to include many Stage Directions
Looking closely at the lines can help establish when and where things take place
Enter Banquo & Fleance with a torchbearer before him
B: How goes the night, boy?
F: The moon is down; I have not heard the clock
B: And she goes down at twelve
F: I take’t, ‘tis later
Types of Speech
Dialogue - occurs between characters when they are speaking to each other
Monologue - A long speech that is heard
Soliloquy - A long speech that a character thinks
Forms of Language
Blank verse - poetry that does not rhyme
Iambic pentameter - a line of verse with 5 pairs of unstressed/stressed syllables
Rhyming verse - verse that rhymes - indicates royalty or supernatural characters
Shakespeare uses a rhyming couple to end scenes, to capture the closing mood
A Bell Rings
Macbeth: I go and it is done. The bell invites me.
Hear it not, Duncan, for it is a knell
That summons thee to heaven or to hell
Creates tension. Characters share the ten syllables between them. It also sounds like a natural, quick conversation, or can demonstrate the nature of a relationship
Macbeth: Your children shall be kings
Banquo: You shall be king
Macbeth: And Thank of Cawdor too: went it not so?
Banquo: To the’selfsame tune and words who’s there?
Typically used for low ranking and/or comedic characters
However, this is used in a number of scene in Macbeth that don’t follow therse rules, although there is on instance that does
Lady Macbeth reading Macbeth’s letter about meeting the Witches [1.5]
Macbeth’s first exchanges with the murderers [3.1]
The Porter’s speech [2.3]
The conversation between Lady Macduff and her son before the muderers arrive [4.2]
Most of Lady Macbeth’s sleepwalking scene [5.1]
A foot consisting of one long or stressed syllable followed by one short or unstressed syllable.
The witches generally speak in Trochees
Figurative language(speech that uses lots of metaphorical ideas)
(defintions not added yet)
Consider which characters speak more literally and what this suggests about them at that moment and as characters more generally
Blood - appears 41 times
Chance - 9 times
Fortune(fate) - 7 times
Murder - 30 times
However, Shakespeare also includes a wide number of references to clothing
[1.3], [1.7], [2.4], [5.2]
For Shakespeare, clothing presents the inner man, as well as having the ability to mask him
Clothing as a costume or mask is an important element in the play; are people able to transform or disguise their true nature? Does one’s true nature always reveal itself through deeds in the end?
‘king’ appears 18 times in Act 1 alone. Questions raised about the qualities of kings, the rights of kings to rule and the ‘trappings’ of kingship (e.g. artefacts of it, crown, etc).
What is its nature? How does it manifest itself within nature? How does it compel men to act?
Good and Evil
Most critics suggest that Shakespeare’s intention was to portray Macbeth as a good man, tempted into evil. Language related to Good Vs Evil is used throughout - ‘good’, ‘goodness’, ‘bad’, ‘ill’, ‘evil’, ‘worse’, ‘worst’
Appearance and Reality
The witches’ equivocations drive the play - they appear to guide Macbeth but are actually damning him. Lady Macbeth encourages him to act falsely; Macbeth trusts and values Banquo publically; Lady Macbeth is skilled at adopting different appearances
Life and Death
Order and Chaos
Action vs Inaction
Consider how language is used to support the theme
Make these links explicit in your analysis to gain further marks
Upon my head they plac’d a fruitless crown
And put a barren spectre in my gripe,
Thence to be wrench’d with an unlineal hand,
No son of mine succeeding. If’t be so,
For Banquo’s issue have I fil’d my mind;
For them, the gracious Duncan have I murder’d,
Put rancours in the vessel of my peace
Only for them, and mine eternal jewel
Given to the common enemy of man,
To make them kings, the seeds of Banquo kings.
Example Exam Questions
1 - Starting with this extract, explore how Shakespeare presents gender stereotypes [30 marks]
Was the hope drunk
Wherein you dressed yourself? Hath it slept since?
And wakes it now, to look so green and pale
At what it did so freely? From this time
Such I account thy love. Art thou afeard
To be the same in thine own act and valor
As thou art in desire? Wouldst thou have that
Which thou esteem’st the ornament of life,
And live a coward in thine own esteem,
Letting “I dare not” wait upon “I would, ”
Like the poor cat i' th' adage?
What beast was ’t, then,
That made you break this enterprise to me?
When you durst do it, then you were a man;
And to be more than what you were, you would
Be so much more the man. Nor time nor place
Did then adhere, and yet you would make both.
They have made themselves, and that their fitness now
Does unmake you. I have given suck, and know
How tender ’tis to love the babe that milks me.
I would, while it was smiling in my face,
Have plucked my nipple from his boneless gums
And dashed the brains out, had I so sworn as you
Have done to this.
2 - Starting with this extract, explore how Shakespeare presents characters’ intention with the supernatural [30 marks]
The raven himself is hoarse
That croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan
Under my battlements. Come, you spirits
That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here,
And fill me from the crown to the toe top-full
Of direst cruelty. Make thick my blood.
Stop up the access and passage to remorse,
That no compunctious visitings of nature
Shake my fell purpose, nor keep peace between
The effect and it! Come to my woman’s breasts,
And take my milk for gall, you murd'ring ministers,
Wherever in your sightless substances
You wait on nature’s mischief. Come, thick night,
And pall thee in the dunnest smoke of hell,
That my keen knife see not the wound it makes,
Nor heaven peep through the blanket of the dark
To cry “Hold, hold!”
Great Glamis! Worthy Cawdor!
Greater than both, by the all-hail hereafter!
They letters have transported me beyond
This ignorant present, and I feel now
The future in the instant.
3 - Starting with this extract, explore how Shakespeare presents Macbeth and Lady Macbeth’s ability to cope with appearance and reality [30 marks]
Shall sun that morrow see!
Your face, my thane, is as a book where men
May read strange matters. To beguile the time,
Look like the time. Bear welcome in your eye,
Your hand, your tongue. Look like th' innocent flower,
But be the serpent under ’t. He that’s coming
Must be provided for; and you shall put
This night’s great business into my dispatch,
Which shall to all our nights and days to come
Give solely sovereign sway and masterdom.
We will speak further
Only look up clear;
To alter favour ever is to fear:
Leave all the rest to me.
!!!Sorry if this is really long!!!
Last edited by minertommy; 19-05-2017 at 12:48.
- 19-05-2017 12:46
- 90 followers
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- 19-05-2017 12:47
Can you PM me and ask the question?
I did Macbeth a couple of years ago, so I can help, even if the knowledge is a tad rusty!
- 19-05-2017 12:50
- 90 followers
- 3 badges
- 19-05-2017 12:52
- 4 weeks ago 4w ago
I'd like to thank everyone for the attention this has received. my exam is tomorrow so if anyone is able to help me learn how to construct an answer that'd be great
Also, to those who have requested access to the google doc, sorry I was not able to grant it straight away, however I have granted everyone access now