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    • Thread Starter

    I have created a revision resource with lots of analysis techniques and themes etc.
    I have also added 3 sample exam questions, but i'm not sure how to answer them...
    I've got my exam on monday (AQA if that helps) and i'm never sure how to approach an exam question

    Here is the link if the document is too large to put onto here - https://docs.google.com/document/d/1...cfqVxXiE/edit#

    Here is the whole document

    Key Scenes
    All of Act I
    Act II Scene II
    Act II Scene IV
    Act III Scene I
    Act III Scene II
    Act III Scene III
    Act III Scene IV
    Act III Scene V
    Act IV Scene I
    Act V Scene I
    Act V Scene III
    Act V Scene V

    Stage Directions
    As Shakespeare was writing for his own company, he did not need to include many Stage Directions
    Looking closely at the lines can help establish when and where things take place

    Enter Banquo & Fleance with a torchbearer before him

    B: How goes the night, boy?
    F: The moon is down; I have not heard the clock
    B: And she goes down at twelve
    F: I take’t, ‘tis later

    Types of Speech
    Dialogue - occurs between characters when they are speaking to each other
    Monologue - A long speech that is heard
    Soliloquy - A long speech that a character thinks

    Forms of Language
    Blank verse - poetry that does not rhyme
    Iambic pentameter - a line of verse with 5 pairs of unstressed/stressed syllables
    Rhyming verse - verse that rhymes - indicates royalty or supernatural characters

    Rhyming Couplet
    Shakespeare uses a rhyming couple to end scenes, to capture the closing mood

    A Bell Rings

    Macbeth: I go and it is done. The bell invites me.
    Hear it not, Duncan, for it is a knell
    That summons thee to heaven or to hell


    Creates tension. Characters share the ten syllables between them. It also sounds like a natural, quick conversation, or can demonstrate the nature of a relationship

    Macbeth: Your children shall be kings
    Banquo: You shall be king
    Macbeth: And Thank of Cawdor too: went it not so?
    Banquo: To the’selfsame tune and words who’s there?

    Typically used for low ranking and/or comedic characters
    However, this is used in a number of scene in Macbeth that don’t follow therse rules, although there is on instance that does

    Lady Macbeth reading Macbeth’s letter about meeting the Witches [1.5]
    Macbeth’s first exchanges with the murderers [3.1]
    The Porter’s speech [2.3]
    The conversation between Lady Macduff and her son before the muderers arrive [4.2]
    Most of Lady Macbeth’s sleepwalking scene [5.1]

    A foot consisting of one long or stressed syllable followed by one short or unstressed syllable.
    The witches generally speak in Trochees

    Easy Stuff
    Figurative language(speech that uses lots of metaphorical ideas)
    (defintions not added yet)

    Consider which characters speak more literally and what this suggests about them at that moment and as characters more generally

    Blood - appears 41 times
    Chance - 9 times
    Fortune(fate) - 7 times
    Murder - 30 times

    However, Shakespeare also includes a wide number of references to clothing
    [1.3], [1.7], [2.4], [5.2]

    For Shakespeare, clothing presents the inner man, as well as having the ability to mask him
    Clothing as a costume or mask is an important element in the play; are people able to transform or disguise their true nature? Does one’s true nature always reveal itself through deeds in the end?

    ‘king’ appears 18 times in Act 1 alone. Questions raised about the qualities of kings, the rights of kings to rule and the ‘trappings’ of kingship (e.g. artefacts of it, crown, etc).

    What is its nature? How does it manifest itself within nature? How does it compel men to act?

    Good and Evil
    Most critics suggest that Shakespeare’s intention was to portray Macbeth as a good man, tempted into evil. Language related to Good Vs Evil is used throughout - ‘good’, ‘goodness’, ‘bad’, ‘ill’, ‘evil’, ‘worse’, ‘worst’

    Appearance and Reality
    The witches’ equivocations drive the play - they appear to guide Macbeth but are actually damning him. Lady Macbeth encourages him to act falsely; Macbeth trusts and values Banquo publically; Lady Macbeth is skilled at adopting different appearances

    Other Themes
    Life and Death
    Order and Chaos
    Action vs Inaction

    Consider how language is used to support the theme
    Make these links explicit in your analysis to gain further marks

    Upon my head they plac’d a fruitless crown
    And put a barren spectre in my gripe,
    Thence to be wrench’d with an unlineal hand,
    No son of mine succeeding. If’t be so,
    For Banquo’s issue have I fil’d my mind;
    For them, the gracious Duncan have I murder’d,
    Put rancours in the vessel of my peace
    Only for them, and mine eternal jewel
    Given to the common enemy of man,
    To make them kings, the seeds of Banquo kings.

    Example Exam Questions
    1 - Starting with this extract, explore how Shakespeare presents gender stereotypes [30 marks]

    Was the hope drunk
    Wherein you dressed yourself? Hath it slept since?
    And wakes it now, to look so green and pale
    At what it did so freely? From this time
    Such I account thy love. Art thou afeard
    To be the same in thine own act and valor
    As thou art in desire? Wouldst thou have that
    Which thou esteem’st the ornament of life,
    And live a coward in thine own esteem,
    Letting “I dare not” wait upon “I would, ”
    Like the poor cat i' th' adage?
    What beast was ’t, then,
    That made you break this enterprise to me?
    When you durst do it, then you were a man;
    And to be more than what you were, you would
    Be so much more the man. Nor time nor place
    Did then adhere, and yet you would make both.
    They have made themselves, and that their fitness now
    Does unmake you. I have given suck, and know
    How tender ’tis to love the babe that milks me.
    I would, while it was smiling in my face,
    Have plucked my nipple from his boneless gums
    And dashed the brains out, had I so sworn as you
    Have done to this.

    2 - Starting with this extract, explore how Shakespeare presents characters’ intention with the supernatural [30 marks]

    The raven himself is hoarse
    That croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan
    Under my battlements. Come, you spirits
    That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here,
    And fill me from the crown to the toe top-full
    Of direst cruelty. Make thick my blood.
    Stop up the access and passage to remorse,
    That no compunctious visitings of nature
    Shake my fell purpose, nor keep peace between
    The effect and it! Come to my woman’s breasts,
    And take my milk for gall, you murd'ring ministers,
    Wherever in your sightless substances
    You wait on nature’s mischief. Come, thick night,
    And pall thee in the dunnest smoke of hell,
    That my keen knife see not the wound it makes,
    Nor heaven peep through the blanket of the dark
    To cry “Hold, hold!”

    Enter MACBETH

    Great Glamis! Worthy Cawdor!
    Greater than both, by the all-hail hereafter!
    They letters have transported me beyond
    This ignorant present, and I feel now
    The future in the instant.

    3 - Starting with this extract, explore how Shakespeare presents Macbeth and Lady Macbeth’s ability to cope with appearance and reality [30 marks]

    Lady Macbeth:
         O, never
    Shall sun that morrow see!
    Your face, my thane, is as a book where men
    May read strange matters. To beguile the time,
    Look like the time. Bear welcome in your eye,
    Your hand, your tongue. Look like th' innocent flower,
    But be the serpent under ’t. He that’s coming
    Must be provided for; and you shall put
    This night’s great business into my dispatch,
    Which shall to all our nights and days to come
    Give solely sovereign sway and masterdom.

    We will speak further

    Lady Macbeth:
    Only look up clear;
    To alter favour ever is to fear:
    Leave all the rest to me.


    !!!Sorry if this is really long!!!


    Can you PM me and ask the question?
    I did Macbeth a couple of years ago, so I can help, even if the knowledge is a tad rusty!
    • Thread Starter

    (Original post by minertommy)

    Can you PM me and ask the question?
    I did Macbeth a couple of years ago, so I can help, even if the knowledge is a tad rusty!
    will do, should i copy the whole thing or will you just access this for references??

    (Original post by minertommy)

    will do, should i copy the whole thing or will you just access this for references??
    this will just be for references if I need it.
    • Thread Starter

    I'd like to thank everyone for the attention this has received. my exam is tomorrow so if anyone is able to help me learn how to construct an answer that'd be great
    Also, to those who have requested access to the google doc, sorry I was not able to grant it straight away, however I have granted everyone access now
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Updated: May 21, 2017


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