Can you mark this? Why was Hitler able to become Chancellor by 1933 (10 Marks)Watch
(d) Hitler was able to become chancellor for a variety of reasons.
One reason was his effective propaganda system. His propaganda appealed to many people and portrayed simplistic yet ideal ideologies about the Nazi party. This allowed him to get a lot of public support so that he could be in a position of power in the first place in order to achieve chancellor. For example, he was made vice-chancellor. His propaganda appealed to the “unemployed, young people, and members of the lower middle class”. The widespread support meant that people in the government were put under pressure to make the people happy and give Hitler a position of power. This was an important reason because, without the support of the people, Hitler would have never been able to make it so far. his support and pressure on the government also links into how he used fear to get in the position. For example, he used the SA to bully anyone who didn't give him what he wanted into doing so. The SA also attacked anyone who he disliked and so, the politicians would have been scared of not giving Hitler chancellor.
Another way in which Hitler was able to become Chancellor was by tapping into the desperation of the “desperate” people in Germany. They were desperate because of the Wall Street crash and wanted a “change” in the policies of the government to help them. Hitler belonged to an extremist right-wing party and so, they thought that he would be able to give them that necessary change. Hitler appeared to be a man who was not afraid of expressing his opinions and taking action to do something. The people saw this and supported him, pushing him to become the chancellor. Again, if Hitler did not have the necessary support of the people then he would never have had the backing to become Chancellor and so, the Wall Street crash of 1929 played a big part in allowing him to climb to power. It provided him with the instability of the country that he needed so that he would have a problem to fix and a reason to be put into power.
The final reason in why Hitler was able to become chancellor was because of the fact that Von Papen pushed Hindenburg to do so. Von Papen thought that he would be able to control Hitler from behind the scenes and so, gave him the position Chancellor. It was Von Papen’s decision that provided the final straw in giving Hitler Chancellor. It was not the most important reason but, when combined with all of the other reasons, gave the final act.
In conclusion, I think that Hitler was able to become Chancellor due to the fact that he had a large amount of support from the people. If he did not have the support then he would have never been in a position that allowed Von Papen to make him Chancellor in the first place.
The question is not asking you how he came to power, it is asking you how he became chancellor, and what events lead to this. You could include:
- The Reichstag Fire
- the enabling act
- the Emergency decree
- Von Papen and Hindenburg (you mentioned it)
I would also recommend to make more use of dates. It is easier to spot for the examiner if you write numbers of dates and years as the examiner would be able to identify straight away that you understand the question and are more likely aiming for top marks. The examiners are not going to search for your contextual knowledge. They'll give you marks but including dates just shows your evidence more clearly
Are you doing ocr history? And what are you predicted?
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