Is Psychology a Social Science or a Natural Science?Watch
The formal beginnings of Psychology as a discipline date back to when Wilhelm Wundt started a dedicated laboratory for the study of psychology in Leipzig, Germany in 1879.
Laboratories are mostly linked to natural sciences like Physics or Biology. Psychology studies mental processes, experiences and human behavior via the scientific method through experimentation, hypothesis testing, and observation. Psychology encompasses fields such as memory, cognitive processes, attention and perception, language acquisition, linguistics, human development, autism, mental illness. These examples all deal with the physical world.
Research psychologists are using scientific methods right from data collection to interpretation and are using objectivity in their researchrather than subjective interpretation of data or formulation of theories; which are key characteristics of natural science.
However, it cannot be denied that a decent amount of psychological research also involves impacts socio-cultural and physical settings where some amount of subjectivity exists.
What do you think? Is it a natural science or a social science? Or perhaps a bit of both. It could be the case that some areas of psychology are more of a natural science whereas others are more of a social science.
The more experimental and empirical end such as cognitive neuro would be at the Natural Sciences end. Social Psychology and critical psychology would be more at the social science, possibly even humanities level.