A-Level AQA English LitWatch
For my essays I would outline the whole of my essay in the introduction without going into any detail. I would then allocate one paragraph per point and begin by stating my point in the first sentence. I would then back up my point with lots of evidence from the texts/books/etc such as quotes. In order to strengthen my essay, I would try to include at least one critical quote or piece of evidence in each paragraph and back up my paragraph with context. For example, if you were studying a book set in Nigeria in the civil war, bring in context from that period of time in Nigeria that supports the book and your points.
For the conclusion, try to bring your essay to a close. You don't necessarily have to come to a specific conclusion but tie together any loose ends and perhaps bring in a short but separate point that closes your essay well.