mhopkins
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Hi,
i am writing my EPQ on Islamophobia so i am currently researching the origins of Islamophobia - i dont understand the Battle of Menzikert and the influence it had on the crusades of the 11th century. If there are any historians reading this, please offer any knowledge into the topic, help is much appreciated!
Thank you in advance
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999tigger
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(Original post by mhopkins)
Hi,
i am writing my EPQ on Islamophobia so i am currently researching the origins of Islamophobia - i dont understand the Battle of Menzikert and the influence it had on the crusades of the 11th century. If there are any historians reading this, please offer any knowledge into the topic, help is much appreciated!
Thank you in advance
You dont need to know too much about it except the Seljuk Turks defeated the main Byazintine army which led to the fall of most of the Byzantine empire which was pushed back all the way from eastern to west. that mean the Byzantines asked for help and they appealed to the pope who in turn helped preach and organise a pilgrimage which became known in later years as the first crusade. Its aim was to reclaim the Holy Land.and Jerusalem.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ib8O41irWV0

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4DG0t2ijAcw
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ydVFqpbIIwA
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mhopkins
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(Original post by 999tigger)
You dont need to know too much about it except the Seljuk Turks defeated the main Byazintine army which led to the fall of most of the Byzantine empire which was pushed back all the way from eastern to west. that mean the Byzantines asked for help and they appealed to the pope who in turn helped preach and organise a pilgrimage which became known in later years as the first crusade. Its aim was to reclaim the Holy Land.and Jerusalem.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ib8O41irWV0

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4DG0t2ijAcw
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ydVFqpbIIwA
Thank you!
could you tell me what the significance of the crusades holds in terms of Islamophobia? I've done so much research but most of the answers are vague and dont have much analysis so i'm struggling to find what i'm looking for.
Thanks again
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999tigger
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(Original post by mhopkins)
Thank you!
could you tell me what the significance of the crusades holds in terms of Islamophobia? I've done so much research but most of the answers are vague and dont have much analysis so i'm struggling to find what i'm looking for.
Thanks again
I would have to do some research reflection.

Watch the last video plus part 2 on youtube.

It was a sustained period of war between Muslims and Christians.
It had a significant religious element where two religions opposed each other and was the supposed basis of fighting, with each seeing the other as the non believers and needing to be defeated.
The Church played a significant role in motivating the Christians as well as using religion to offer rewards..
It was able to loosely unite Christians
Lots of people died, which created emnity.
Crusades were later idealised.
Lots of false propaganda stories about each other were spread .


I would be wary of saying they were the root or beginning of conflict between the Christians and Muslims. they were in conflict prior to this signified by the pishbacck of the Byzantines and Muslim invasions or attempted invasions on Spain France and Italy.

Following the crusades the Muslims kept attacking Europe, so there was good reason to fear and hate them of they are invading, enslaving killing and looting.. thats nothing to do with the crusades thats just conflict and expansion. there was every reason to hate them as far as the Christians were concerned. They also never ot Jerusalem back after the first crusade.

So you can see why the Muslims were resented.
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A Yankee
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(Original post by 999tigger)
It had a significant religious element where two religions opposed each other and was the supposed basis of fighting, with each seeing the other as the non believers and needing to be defeated.
There is a definite truth to this, but a few counterpoints for consideration:

The Koran praises the Byzantines fighting the Persians to some extent as they were Christians, or "people of the book", in which they follow the same core Abrahamic texts.

Many crusaders ended up adopting Levantine culture and eventually religion -- far more crusaders wanted gold and riches and weren't religious zealots.

The Turks and the Arabs, both Muslims also fought each other during the same time period as the crusades. It wasn't a unified Muslim effort. Christians did unite, but much more of the unification was to grant more legitimacy to Christianity than out of religious zealotry. There is some evidence that Pope Urban II wished to mend the schism.

Manzikert didn't just intensify Islamophobia though -- it caused the Catholic church to declare crusades against many other religions, not just Muslims. The Northern Crusades caused the formation of the antecedent to Prussia.
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Anisa22345
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(Original post by mhopkins)
Hi,
i am writing my EPQ on Islamophobia so i am currently researching the origins of Islamophobia - i dont understand the Battle of Menzikert and the influence it had on the crusades of the 11th century. If there are any historians reading this, please offer any knowledge into the topic, help is much appreciated!
Thank you in advance
Would anyone help me for my EPQ by completing the survey below.
Thanks https://www.surveymonkey.co.uk/r/MP3H7LF
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