What kind of device is Metatheatre?

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Lokum
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Is Metatheatre a language, structure or form technique? For example in Act 1.3 Macbeth says, “Happy prologues to the swelling act”.
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Flame Alchemist
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In general, metatheatre is any technique or circumstance in which performance draws attention to its own nature as a performance. It's a concept often described as 'breaking the fourth wall'.

This could be anything from a play which is from the beginning set up as completely self-aware, to a subtle double entrende like your Macbeth example.

Bertolt Brecht is an example of a practitioner/playwright who often included elements of metatheatre in his epic theatre.
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(Original post by Lokum)
Is Metatheatre a language, structure or form technique? For example in Act 1.3 Macbeth says, “Happy prologues to the swelling act”.
In your example this is a language feature. It's a metaphor. The two pieces of good news are like a theatrical prologue (Think Romeo and Juliet) which give a clear indication of what will come next. There's also a pun; act could refer to the theatre, or the act of murder.
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