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Chemistry Organic synthesis question help? watch

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    https://mathsmadeeasy.co.uk/wp-conte...4-QP-JUN16.pdf

    part 4c?

    I don't understand the answer
    P: No reaction for all tests
    Q: As appropriate below
    ammonia -> white fumes
    na2co3 -> effervescence
    (named) ??idk which alcohol -> sweet smell
    naoh + acidified silver nitrate -> white precipitate
    silver nitrate -> white precipitate
    water -> misty fumes.

    Can someone explian why Q has these observations, I think Q is a aldehyde and P a ketone but not sure. ?
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    (Original post by Turquoise01)
    https://mathsmadeeasy.co.uk/wp-conte...4-QP-JUN16.pdf

    part 4c?

    I don't understand the answer
    P: No reaction for all tests
    Q: As appropriate below
    ammonia -> white fumes
    na2co3 -> effervescence
    (named) ??idk which alcohol -> sweet smell
    naoh + acidified silver nitrate -> white precipitate
    silver nitrate -> white precipitate
    water -> misty fumes.


    Can someone explian why Q has these observations, I think Q is a aldehyde and P a ketone but not sure. ?
    Well for Q for any alcohol an ester will form as it has an acyl chloride group. Do you know about the reaction of acyl chlorides with alcohols?
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    (Original post by Turquoise01)
    https://mathsmadeeasy.co.uk/wp-conte...4-QP-JUN16.pdf

    part 4c?

    I don't understand the answer
    P: No reaction for all tests
    Q: As appropriate below
    ammonia -> white fumes
    na2co3 -> effervescence
    (named) ??idk which alcohol -> sweet smell
    naoh + acidified silver nitrate -> white precipitate
    silver nitrate -> white precipitate
    water -> misty fumes.

    Can someone explian why Q has these observations, I think Q is a aldehyde and P a ketone but not sure. ?
    essentially P just reacts like a halogenoalkane while Q reacts like an acyl chloride
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    (Original post by bruh2132)
    essentially P just reacts like a halogenoalkane while Q reacts like an acyl chloride
    I see thank you! The alcohol just reacts to produce an ester, right?
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    (Original post by Turquoise01)
    I see thank you! The alcohol just reacts to produce an ester, right?
    exactly
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