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    does propylamine + butanoyl chloride produce propyl butanoate

    if so, why?
    i thought it would produce N-propylbutanamide
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    (Original post by esmeralda123)
    does propylamine + butanoyl chloride produce propyl butanoate

    if so, why?
    i thought it would produce N-propylbutanamide
    No,
    the reaction between propylamine + butanoyl chloride produces N-propylbutanamide.

    you will get propyl butanoate if you reacted propanol + butanoic acid (with strong acid catalyst)
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    Butanoyl Chloride contains an Acyl Chloride function which will react with the amine function to form an amide linkage.

    The actual mechanism is quite long and can be found here.
    https://www.chemguide.co.uk/mechanis...im/amines.html

    Propyl butanoate is a bulky ester.

    Sweet-smelling Esters are commonly formed by the Fischer esterification that involves the reaction of a carboxylic acid and a primary/secondary alcohol with an acid catalyst via reflux. This is the Organic reaction that is taught at A level, (Fischer never seems to get credit in A level textbooks for it though).

    The mechanism is a very long series of proton-transfer steps. Can be found here - (Beyond A level though)
    https://chem.libretexts.org/Core/Org...Esterification
 
 
 

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