Fear of Communism, Leadership of Hitler, Organisation of the Nazi party, Propaganda, Political Deals, Economy and Depression. Then for the events that led to him becoming dictator there is 'Panther'
Political Parties banned, Army Oath, Night of the Long Knives, Trade Unions banned, Hindenburg dies, Enabling act and Reichstag Fire
Hope that helps
End of World War One
- The Treaty of Versailles was signed between Germany and the Allied powers in 1919 as an official ending to the war. (Keep in mind the other Central powers signed different treaties to end the war.)
- The main three allied powers were the United Kingdom, France and the United States which negotiated the punishment for Germany.
- France wanted to heavily punish Germany for the damages caused in WW1 as they suffered the most. The United States wanted a more peaceful approach whereas Britain was in between.
- The Treaty of Versailles punished Germany heavily in territorial, military and economic terms.
A video explaining what "the big three" wanted: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vrYhLNQMRro
A video explaining what the terms of the treaty were: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0jycVFL8CNM
I suggest to watch the terms video as it explains how Germany gets punished by the treaty.
- One of the terms was that Germany had to pay war reparations. These were in the billions and they struggled to pay them. (Take a look into the Dawes Plan and Young Plan.)
- Germany printed more money in order to pay for the reparations and this caused hyperinflation in 1923. This caused prices of everything to sky rocket. Simple goods such as bread cost millions.
- The German mark became useless as it had no value to it.
An image showing a woman using the notes to light her stove. This is a popular image to show the uselessness of the currency.
People used wheelbarrows to move money around and some even threw them out onto the streets.
The general public of course disagreed with the treaty.
- Hitler blamed the Jews for the loss of the war.
- Hitler joined the German Worker's Party in 1919. It was renamed to the National Socialist German Worker's Party (NSDAP) when Hitler took leadership of the party in 1921.
- The party promoted German pride and anti-Semitism. Blamed the Treaty of Versailles for the hardship that the Germans had to face.
- In 1923, the Munich Putsch was a coup attempt lead by Hitler and the party in an attempt to seize power in Munich.
- This coup failed and Hitler was jailed. He was treated quite well in jail and this is where he wrote his famous book "Mein Kampf" - "My Struggle".
There is quite a lot to cover on this topic with key names and dates that you will have to remember for the exam. I'll have to edit this tomorrow to add in more information but I'll just add some depth into the post made above.
- The NSDAP received a lot of votes in the 1932 elections.
- Hitler was appointed as Chancellor by Hindenburg, the President at that time. The reason Hitler was appointed was because Hindenburg failed to find a Chancellor after having to go through at least four of them after 1932.
- Hitler became Mein Fuhrer in 1933 after the Reichstag fire.
- The Reichstag fire was blamed on a Communist by Hitler and the party.
- The Enabling Act allowed Hitler to consume absolute power in Germany and this meant that he did not have to consult the Reichstag to pass laws. This was meant to only last for a certain period of time.
- Hindenburg died in 1934 and this is where Hitler was officially the Fuhrer of Germany.
In an exam, do not refer to him as a dictator as I'm not sure whether you will lose marks for it. Just to be safe, refer to Hitler as the Fuhrer if you have to in a question.
- Night of the Long Knives (1934) - Hitler purged the leaders of the SA in fear they were becoming too powerful. This ensured that he had total control.
- Kristallnacht or Night of the Broken Glass (1938) - The Jews were targeted when this happened because a German diplomat was murdered in Paris by a Polish Jew. Jewish shops and synagogues were destroyed and the windows were smashed. Glass covered the streets hence the given name.
I suggest that you add more depth to your response as the way you structured it can be confusing.
What have you learnt so far that you do not need to go over if there is anything. I strongly suggest to revise if you have the exam coming up soon especially if you are not fully prepared. There are different methods for revision so you'll have to see what is best for you. Speak with your tutor on how to structure your answers to questions, you'll especially need to know this for the higher mark questions.
Like previously mentioned, I'll have to edit this tomorrow as there is still more information to add on in between the dates that I have already covered.