(Original post by hirallnb)
do you have any tips or notes for paper 1, as well as CLA
Section A - Textual Variations can be tackled with a simple toolkit called TRAMP-G:
one - what formality is the text in? Is it formal or casual? Is there a level of intimacy involved?
egister - is there a semantic field present? What choices has the text made?
udience - who is the text for? Is it for a specialist or general audience? How are they represented through certain words?
ode - is the text written or spoken? Is there an element of both? What does this allow the text to do?
urpose - what is the text trying to achieve? What methods does it use to achieve it?
enre / Context - what format is the text in? Is it a broadsheet or a tabloid? Or an online forum perhaps?
Additionally, where applicable, you can expand this to Graphology
(any images / emoji / colours present) and Voice
(is the text in the active (present tense) voice or the passive (past tense) voice)
For Questions 1 and 2, annotate word classes (noun phrases, adverbial phrases, pronouns, possessive determiners, definite articles etc) and establish what each of the six features are. Then talk about how these word classes represent the reader, writer and topic.
I would follow an answer structure like:
- An introduction - mention what the tone, register, audience, mode, purpose and genre are, plus graphology and voice if applicable
- How the reader is represented / any meanings or stereotypes created
- How the writer is represented
- How the topic is represented
Question 3 can be done using multiple methods, although the one I find to make the most sense is:
- A paragraph on similarities between the text
- A paragraph on differences
Section B - CLA is entirely a matter of pot luck when it comes to the kind of questions you'll get (you can choose from either the speaking question or the writing question), so there's no real way to prepare for it. Definitely make sure that you know the key theories:
- Behaviourism - language is a result of conditioning. Skinner, operant conditioning, positive / negative reinforcement
- Nativism - children have innate ability to learn language. Chomsky, Language Acquisition Device (LAD), universal grammar rules
- Interactionism - children learn best when interacting with caregivers. Bruner, Language Acquisition Support System, scaffolding
- Cognitive theory - Piaget's stages of development
and the A-Level's own stages of development:
- Pre-verbal / babbling - cooing, baby sounds etc
- Holophrastic - one word utterances
- Two-word - two word utterances
- Telegraphic - sentences without grammatical words, akin to a telegram
- Post-telegraphic - complete sentences, resemble adult speech
CLA also has its own linguistic classes: recasts, reduplication, deletion, addition, assimilation etc.
I myself am going for the speaking question since my teacher spent more time teaching us about it before we had to wrap up for mock exams, so I practically don't know anything about child writing development. Needless to say, if anyone can share knowledge that'd be great.