(Original post by TheDefiniteArticle)
I'm not going to write things you could just google.
"Denying the antecedent, sometimes also called inverse error or
of the inverse, is a formal fallacy of inferring the inverse from the original statement."
It is committed by reasoning in the form: If P (socialist), then Q (state is good). Therefore, if not P (not socialist/conservative), then not Q (state not good).
So for example, CBay thinks that conservative states are bad because state and conservative are both bad, in his opinion. But Socialist States are ok because socialism is good.
As for utilitarianism:
"The modern definition is effectively this: An action (the existence of the state) is right if it produces as much or more of an increase in happiness of all affected (socialism) by it than any alternative action (libertarian socialism in this case), and wrong if it does not (a conservative state in this case)."