(Original post by usainlightning)
Why Has Socialism Never Worked?
Because people don't realise that it has. In the Communist Manifesto, Marx and Engels outlined their 10 measures they considered most important for advanced industrial nations before the achievement of Communism:
1. Abolition of property in land and application of all rents of land to public purposes.
2. A heavy progressive or graduated income tax.
3. Abolition of all rights of inheritance.
4. Confiscation of the property of all emigrants and rebels.
5. Centralisation of credit in the hands of the state, by means of a national bank with State capital and an exclusive monopoly.
6. Centralisation of the means of communication and transport in the hands of the State.
7. Extension of factories and instruments of production owned by the State; the bringing into cultivation of waste-lands, and the improvement of the soil generally in accordance with a common plan.
8. Equal liability of all to work. Establishment of industrial armies, especially for agriculture.
9. Combination of agriculture with manufacturing industries; gradual abolition of all the distinction between town and country by a more equable distribution of the populace over the country.
10. Free education for all children in public schools. Abolition of children’s factory labour in its present form. Combination of education with industrial production, &c, &c.
Now, out of that list the majority have happened at some point in the development of states - particularly in Western and Northern Europe, New Zealand, and Latin America. It is a fallacy to claim that socialism has never worked because, in reality, in our everyday lives we live with elements of it.