On This Day: A Compendium Watch

shadowdweller
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There are countless important events in history, and every day we reach an anniversary of one, or even many, of them. On This Day is a way to recognise a selection of these, and perhaps to discover more of them. This thread is also a place to discuss any events that might have been controversial, or celebrate those that were inspirational.

I'll be updating this with some events each day, but please feel free to add your own, or to include any that I may have missed!
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shadowdweller
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18th June:
  • 618: Coronation of the Chinese governor Li Yuan as Emperor Gaozu of Tang, the new Emperor of China, initiating three centuries of the Tang Dynasty's rule over China
  • 1812: War of 1812 begins as US declares war against Britain
  • 1928: American aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the 1st woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean landing at Burry Port, Wales
  • 1948: UN Commission on Human Rights adopts the International Declaration of Human Rights
  • 1965: Drink-drive limit to be introduced

Sources: BBC's On This Day, On This Day
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shadowdweller
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19th June:
  • 1829: Sir Robert Peel introduces the Metropolitan Police Act 1829 into Parliament to establish a unified police force for London
  • 1862: Slavery outlawed in US territories
  • 1944: World War II: First day of the 2 day Battle of the Philippine Sea, US naval forces defeat Japanese fleet
  • 1991: Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar surrenders to police
  • 2000: Tiger Woods wins golf's US Open by 15 shots, a record for all majors, with a US Open to-par record score of -12

Sources: BBC's On This Day, On This Day
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shadowdweller
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25th June:
  • 1678: Venetian Elena Cornaro Piscopia is awarded a doctorate of philosophy, the 1st woman to receive a university doctoral degree or PhD
  • 1929: US President Herbert Hoover authorizes building of Boulder Dam (Hoover Dam)
  • 1950: North Korea invades South Korea, beginning the Korean War

Sources: BBC's On This Day, On This Day
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shadowdweller
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28th June:
  • 1519: King Carlos I elected Holy Roman Catholic Emperor Charles V
  • 1838: Coronation of Queen Victoria in Westminster Abbey, London
  • 1914: Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip at 10.45, the casus belli of WWI
  • 1919: Treaty of Versailles, ending WWI and establishing the League of Nations, is signed in France

Sources: On This Day
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shadowdweller
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29th June:
  • 1613: Shakespeare's Globe Theatre in London, England, burns down during a performance of "Henry VIII".
  • 1888: First (known) recording of classical music made, Handel's Israel in Egypt on wax cylinder.
  • 1949: South Africa begins implementing apartheid; no mixed marriages.
  • 1964: Civil Rights Act of 1964 passed after 83-day filibuster in the US Senate.

Sources: On This Day
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shadowdweller
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30th June:
  • 1938: Superman 1st appears in DC Comics' Action Comics Series issue #1.
  • 1860: Famous debate on Charles Darwin's theory of evolution held at the Oxford University Museum and dominated by arguments between Thomas Henry Huxley and Bishop Samuel Wilberforce
  • 1908: Tunguska Event: a giant fireball most likely caused by the air burst of a large meteoroid or comet impacts in Siberia.
  • 1938: Superman 1st appears in DC Comics' Action Comics Series issue #1.


Sources: On This Day
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shadowdweller
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2nd July:
  • 1823: Bahia Independence Day: the end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia.
  • 1940: Hitler orders invasion of Britain (Operation Sealion).
  • 1964: US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs Civil Rights Act and Voting Rights Act into law.
  • 1990: Panic in tunnel of Mecca: 1,426 pilgrims trampled to death.

Sources: On This Day
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Andrew97
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13th November

1009: English king Elthelred III orders the killing of all Danes in England, known as St Brice’s Day massacre
1775: In the American Revolutionary War patriot forces take Quebec.
1918: Allied troops occupy Constantinople (Now Instanbul) capital of the Ottoman Empire, the Ottomans has previously taken the city from the Byzantine empire in 1453
1956: The US Supreme Court rules race segregation buses in Alabama to be unlawful
1985: an erupting Volcano kills 20,000 in Colombia
1986: The Marshal islands gain independence from the United States.
1994. Sweden votes to join the EU
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Andrew97
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Sorry for bumping a slightly old thread, but I found this to be rather interesting
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shadowdweller
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(Original post by Andrew97)
Sorry for bumping a slightly old thread, but I found this to be rather interesting
No need to apologise - it's been on my To-Do list for a while!
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Andrew97
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(Original post by shadowdweller)
No need to apologise - it's been on my To-Do list for a while!
Great, also used a different source to yours. I went with the today history app.
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14th November


  • 1533: Francisco Franco lands his Conquistadors in the Inca Empire
  • 1770: James Bruce discovers what he believes to be the source of the Nile in Ethiopa
  • 1851: Moby **** is published
  • 1862: President Lincoln approves of a plan to capture the confederate capital of Richmond in Virginia. This leads to the battle of Fredericksburg
  • 1889: Nellie Bly begins an attempt to travel around the world in less than 80 days, she does this in 72
  • 1916: The battle of the Somme comes to end, over 1 million French, German and British troops died in the battle which started in July
  • 1918: Czechoslovakia becomes a republic having previously been a part of the Austro-Hungarian empire and the Kingdom of Bohemia
  • 1922: BBC begins radio service in the UK
  • 1940: In WW2 Coventry is heavily bombed by the Germans with the cathedral destroyed.
  • 1941: In Slonim, Germany as a part of the ultimately unsucsessful operation Barbarossa German forces massacre 9000 Jewish people in a day.
  • 1965: In the battle of la Drang as part of the Vietnam war the first engagement between North Vietnamese and US troops occurs
  • 1970: Southern airways flight 932 crashes in the mountains killing 75
  • 1971: Mariner 9 reaches Mars, becoming the first space probe to reach another planet
  • 1990: After German reuinification the Federal Republic of Germany and Poland confirm the Oder-Niesse line as their border
  • 1991: In Michigan a US postal service worker goes on a shooting rampage, killing 4. In the UK indictments are announced against 4 Libyian officals in connection with the downing of Pan Am Flight 103 (Better known as Lockerbie)
  • 2001: Afgan Northen alliance fighters take Kabul
  • 2017: A gunman kills 4 in a shooting spree in Calafornia
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15th November

  • 565: Justin II succeeds his father Justinian I as Byzantine emperor
  • 1532: Francisco Pizarro's forces meet Incan emperor Atahualpa for the first time outside Cajamarca, a further meeting is set for the next day.
  • 1777: After 16 months of debate the Continental congress (the 13 states) approve the Articles of Confederation
  • 1854: In Egypt the Suez canal, linking the Med sea with the Red sea is given royal concession
  • 1859: In Athens, Greece, the first modern revival of the olympic games take place.
  • 1864: In the American Civil war General William Sherman burns down Atlanta
  • 1889: In Brazil emperor Pedro II is deposed by Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca. Brazil is declared a republic.
  • 1920: The first assembly of the League of Nations is held in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • 1922: Over 1000 a massacred during a general strike in Guayaquil, Colombia.
  • 1923: To curb Hyperinflation the Rentenmark is introduced.
  • 1926: NBC radio network opens
  • 1943: SS leader Heinrich Himmler orders that Gypsies are to be put on the same level as Jews, and are placed in concentration camps.
  • 1949: Nathuram Godse and Narayan Apte are executed for assassinating Mahatma Gandhi.
  • 1951: Greek resistance leader Nikos Beloyannis is sentenced to death by a court martial.
  • 1983: The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is founded, only recognised by Turkey.
  • 1985: The Anglo Irish agreement is signed by British PM Margaret Thatcher and Irish Taoiseach Garret Fitzgerald
  • 1988: An independent state of Palestine is proclaimed by the Palestinian National Authority
  • 2003: 25 people are killed and 300 injured in the first day of the 2003 Istanbul bombings
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Andrew97
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I suppose it will be a bit cheeky to ask to be given OP status for this thread?
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16th November

  • 1272: On the death of Henry III, Edward I ascends to the throne. However he would not return to England for 2 years due to being on a crusade
  • 1532: After a meeting was arranged on the previous day, Francisco Pizarro captures Inca emperor Atahualpa at the battle of Cajamarca, famous for the Spanish suffering 0 casualties
  • 1632: In the battle of Lutzen as part of the 30 years war Swedish King Gustav Adolph II is killed.
  • 1828: The London protocol entails the creation of an autonomous Greek state, but its foreign relations would still be managed by the Ottoman Empire
  • 1852: John Russell Hind discovers asteroid 22 Kalliope
  • 1904: John Ambrose Fleming receives a patent for the vacuum tube
  • 1907: RMS Mauretania sails on her maiden voyage from Liverpool to New York, also on his day the Indian Territory and Oklahoma territory join to form Oklahoma as the 46th State.
  • 1914: The Federal Reserve Bank of the United States opens.
  • 1920: Qantas is founded as Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Limited
  • 1933: The USA and USSR establish diplomatic relations with a telegram being sent by Roosevelt to Soviet Leader Maxim Litvinov.
  • 1938: In Switzerland LSD is first synthesised.
  • 1940: In Poland the Warsaw ghetto is closed from the outside world. In response for a raid on Coventry days earlier, the RAF bombs Hamburg.
  • 1943: US bombers strike a Hydro-Electric and Heavy water factory in Nazi controlled Norway.
  • 1965: Venera 3 is launched by the USSR, the probe would be the first spacecraft to reach the surface of another planet.
  • 1973: Richard Nixon authorises the construction of the Alaska pipeline.
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17th November

  • 284: Dioletian is proclaimed emperor by his soldiers
  • 473: Zeno I becomes co-Emperor alongside his father Leo I, Leo dies on this day the following year
  • 1292: John Balliol becomes king of Scotland
  • 1493: Christopher Columbus lands at Puerto Rico
  • 1558: On the death of Mary I, Elizabeth I becomes Queen of England
  • 1603: Sir Walter Raleigh goes on trial for treason
  • 1659: France and Spain sign the treaty of the Pyrenees
  • 1796: In the Napoleonic wars French forces defeat the Austrians in the battle of Arcole
  • 1800: The US congress holds its first session in Washington DC
  • 1810: Sweden declares war on the UK starting the Anglo-Swedish war, however no fighting takes place.
  • 1820: Captain Nathaniel Palmer becomes the first American to see Antarctica
  • 1855: David Livingstone becomes the first European to see the Victoria falls in modern day Zambia-Zimbabwe
  • 1869: The Suez canal opens
  • 1878: The first assassination attempt against Umberto I of Italy takes places by anarchist Giovanni Passannante with a dagger.
  • 1903: The Russian Social Democratic Labour Party splits into 2 factions, the Mensheviks and the Bolsheviks
  • 1922: Former Ottoman Sultan Mehmed VI goes into exile in Italy
  • 1933: The United States recognises the USSR
  • 1968: Alexandros Panagoulis is sentenced to death for an attempted assassination on Greek dictator George Papadopoulos
  • 1969: In Helsinki negotiations begin between the USA and USSR to limit the number of strategic weapons.
  • 1970: Douglas Engelbart receives the patent for the first computer mouse, while Lieutenant William Calley goes on trial for the My Lai massacre in Vietnam
  • 1973: Richard Nixon proclaims he "is not a crook" as part of the ongoing watergate scandal
  • 1989: In Czechoslovakia the velvet revolution begins after a student demonstration is quelled by riot police.
  • 1993: General Sani Abacha takes over Nigeria in a military coup
  • 1997: 62 people are killed in the Luxor massacre in Egypt, the assailants are shot dead by police.
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18th November

  • 401: The Visigoths led by Alaric I invade Northern Italy
  • 1180: Phillip II becomes King of France
  • 1307: William Tell shoots an apple of his son's head
  • 1477: The first book printed on a printing press in England is published on this day
  • 1626: St Peter's Bastillica is consecrated
  • 1803: After the battle of Vertieres the Republic of Haiti is established
  • 1809: French Frigates defeat British East Indiamen in the Bay of Bengal
  • 1863: Christian IX of Denmark signs a constitution declaring Schleswig to be a part of Denmark, this leads to the German Danish war of 1864
  • 1903: The United States gets exclusive rights over the Panama Canal Zone.
  • 1916: The first battle of the Somme is called off by Field Marshal Haig.
  • 1918: Latvia declares independence from Russia
  • 1940: Adolf Hitler and Galeazzo Ciano meet to discuss Mussolini's invasion of Greece, Ciano was famous from his diaries published after the war.
  • 1961: President Kennedy sends 18,000 military advisors to South Vietnam
  • 1963: The first push button telephone goes into service.
  • 1970: President Nixon asks congress for $155 supplement aid for Cambodia
  • 1978: In Guyana Jim Jones leads his peoples temple to a mass-murder-suicide claiming over 900 lives
  • 1987: 31 lives are claimed in the King's Cross underground fire
  • 1991: after an 87 day siege the Croatian city of Vukovar capitulates to the Yugoslav army.
  • 1993: NAFTA is approved by the US Congress
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19th November

  • 1493: Christopher Columbus lands at Puerto Rico, he calls in San Juan Bautista
  • 1794: The UK and USA sign the Jay's treaty, an attempt to solve lingering issues from the US war of independence.
  • 1816: Warsaw University is opened.
  • 1863: President Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg address
  • 1912: As part of the first Balkan war, the Serbian army capture Bitola. This ends 5 centuries of Ottoman rule in Macedonia.
  • 1942: As part of the battle of Stalingrad Marshal Zhukov of the Soviet Union launches operation Uranus. This allows the Soviets to break out of the city by attacking the weaker Romanian and German flanks, with the Russians encircling the city. A turning point in the battle.
  • 1943: The Janowska concentration camp is liquidated and 6000 Jews murdered after an uprising.
  • 1944:In the battle of Viaden the Luxembourgish army defend against the Nazis. What makes this astounding is that the Luxembourgians had 30 men.
  • 1946: Sweden, Iceland and Afghanistan all join the UN
  • 1952: Alex Papagos becomes Greek prime minister
  • 1977: transportes Aereos Portugeseses crashes in maderia Islands, killing 130. Meanwhile Egyptian president Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to visit Israel.
  • 1979: Iranian Leader Ayatollah Khomeini orders the release of 13 female and black American Hostages as part of the ongoing hostage crisis in Tehran.
  • 1984: A series of explosions at a PEMEX storage facility in San Juan, Mexico starts a fire killing 500.
  • 1985: Roland Regan and Mikhail Gorbachev meet for the first time, while Penzoil win a $10.53bn judgement against Texaco relating to a contract with Gettyoil
  • 1988: Slobodan Milosevic (Communist rep at the time) declares Serbia is under attack from Albanian Seperatists in Kosovo
  • 1994: The first National Lottery draw is held in the UK
  • 1998: Artist without Beard by Van Gogh sells from $71.5m. Impeachment hearings begin against Bill Clinton due to the Monica Lewinsky scandal)
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20th November
  • 284: Diocletian is chosen as Roman Emperor
  • 1407: A truce between John the Fearless (Duke of Burgundy) and Louis of Orleans is signed. This would soon go very wrong (Wait for 23rd of November for this)
  • 1700: Charles XII of Sweden defeats the army of Russian Tsar Peter at Narva
  • 1739: The battle of Porto Bello between Spain and Britain commences, as part of the war of Jenkins' ear.
  • 1776: British forces attack Fort Lee as part of the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1789: New Jersey ratifies the bill of rights, the first US state to do so.
  • 1910: Francisco I. Madero issues the Plan de San Luis Potosi, starting the Mexican revolutionary war.
  • 1917: Ukraine is declared a republic, while the battle of Cambrai commences.
  • 1923: The Rentenmark replaces the Papiermark as the German currency. The exchange rate is 1 Rentenmark to 1 billion Papiermarks
  • 1940: Hungary joins the Axis powers singing the Tripartite.
  • 1945: 24 Nazi War criminals go on trial at the Nuremberg trials
  • 1962: The Cuban Missile crisis comes to an end when the USSR agrees to remove the weapons from Cuba.
  • 1969: The Plain Dealer publishes photographs of dead villagers from the My Lai massacre. Meanwhile Native American activists occupy Alcatraz.
  • 1975: Francisco Franco, Spanish dictator dies after 36 years in power.
  • 1985: Microsoft Windows 1.0 is released.
  • 1990: British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher beats former defence secretary Micheal Heseltine in the Conservative leadership contest.However, she does not get enough to win outright meaning a second round will be held. Thatcher was facing increasing calls to resign since the resignation of Deputy Prime Minister Geoffery Howe and the Poll Tax.
  • 1994: A treaty ends the Angolan civil war after 19 years
  • 2003: A second day of bombings take place in Istanbul (Previously on the 15th) The British consulate is destroyed.
  • 2015: 19 people are killed in Bamako, Mali following a hostage situation
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