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Jammy Duel
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M497 - Iran Sanctions Motion, g131999, seconded by TSR Libertarian Party

This house believes that the government should impose sanctions against Iran – to the same degree as the US has – as a result of its human rights abuses, funding of terrorism internationally and its nuclear ambitions.

In 1979, the Iranian revolution occurred in which the monarchy led by Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi was overthrown by the Iranian Revolutionary Guard under the influence of Ayatollah Khomeini and replaced with an Islamic Republic [1]. Since then, Iran has become the largest state sponsor of terror in the world and is well-known for its flagrant human rights abuses. Iran also poses a serious threat to the Western World due to its ambition to become a nuclear state.

On the 4th of November 1979, fifty-two Americans were held hostage for 444 days by Muslim Student Followers of the Imam’s Line (with the Iranian government’s backing) [2]. This was a flagrant violation of international law [3]. As a result, the United States imposed sanctions against Iran [4].

On the 22nd of September 1980, Iraq launched a war against Iran in order to attempt to annex the oil-rich Khuzestan Province [5]. Iran used children as young as 12, frankly, as cannon fodders and as a means to clear minefields (with no regards to the childrens’ lives). It is thought that as many as 100,000 children were killed as a result [6]. Iran also used child soldiers to suppress protestors in 2011 [7]. This blatant disregard for the lives of children ought to be condemned. Iran is renowned as being the number one state sponsor of terrorism in the world [8] and has launched a series of proxy wars in order to destabilise the region. Iran funds terror groups internationally, such as Hezbollah [9,10], Iraqi Shiite militias in Iraq [10], Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) [10], the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command (PFLP-GC), Hamas [10,11] and Houthis [12]. The Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (considered to be a terrorist organisation[13]) are known to provide training to terrorist organisations [14] in order to destabilise the region in an attempt to overthrow governments in certain countries and replace them with a government similar to Iran.

Examples of terror attacks by Iranian-backed terror organisations include the 1983 US embassy bombing (killing 63 and injuring 120 [15]), the 1983 Beirut barracks bombings (killing 305 and injuring 75 [16]), the AMIA bombing of a Jewish cultural centre in Argentina (killing 85 and injuring 300 [17]), The Maxim restaurant suicide bombing (killing 21, injuring 60 [18]), the Avivim school bus bombing (killing 12; 9 of which were children, injuring 25 [19]), the Park Hotel Passover bombing (killing 30, injuring 140 [20]), the indiscriminate firing of rockets and mortar at civilians [21] etc.

Recently, Iran has been attempting to acquire nuclear weapons [22]. This poses a clear threat to the Western World. Iran has repeatedly threatened to ‘wipe Israel off the map’ [23] and as above, is known to fund terrorism internationally. Such a rogue state should not be allowed to acquire nuclear weapons and as many obstacles to this as possible should be put in place. Iran has enriched uranium up to 19.8% [24]; 0.2% away from weapons grade uranium.

Iran is well-known for its human rights abuses. LGB people who engage in sexual activity with people of the same gender – especially MSM – can be punished by imprisonment, corporal punishment, or execution [25] (including hanging people from construction cranes). In order to avoid being penalised, some Iranian homosexuals have been pressured to undergo sexual reassignment surgeries [26]. This is a flagrant violation of basic human rights and ought to be condemned internationally. In addition to their mistreatment of LGB people, women are also denied basic rights. If a woman has extramarital sex, it is punishable by stoning or slashing [27]. Women are forced to wear the hijab and can be penalised for not doing so [28]. Women are often refused entry to sporting events and are not allowed to ride bicycles [29].

The information above is only the tip of the iceberg, this needs to be condemned internationally and straight sanctions ought to be imposed and diplomatic ties should be cut with the Islamic Republic of Iran. This should continue until Iran abides by international law, stops funding terror organisations, abandons its nuclear ambitions and allows its citizens full human rights.



[1] https://www.britannica.com/event/Ira...n-of-1978-1979

[2] http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/d...00/3910627.stm

[3] http://legal.un.org/ilc/texts/instru...s/9_1_1961.pdf, Article 31

[4] http://iranprimer.usip.org/resource/us-sanctions

[5] https://www.history.co.uk/this-day-i.../iran-iraq-war

[6] http://allthatsinteresting.com/irani...-iran-iraq-war

[7] https://www.theguardian.com/world/20...ehran-protests

[8] https://www.state.gov/j/ct/rls/other/rpt/280402.htm

[9] https://english.alarabiya.net/en/201...from-Iran.html

[10] https://www.state.gov/j/ct/rls/crt/2016/272235.htm, Iran

[11] https://www.timesofisrael.com/iran-a...-hamas-report/

[12] http://foreignpolicy.com/2014/10/08/...ds-into-yemen/

[13] http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/mid...st/7064353.stm

[14] https://www.state.gov/j/ct/rls/crt/2014/239410.htm, Iran

[15] https://www.britannica.com/event/198...mbassy-bombing

[16] http://crimescenedb.com/the-1983-bei...acks-bombings/

[17] https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.pre...s-on-1.5255981

[18] http://mfa.gov.il/MFA/MFA-Archive/20...20-%204-O.aspx

[19] https://worldhistoryproject.org/1970...l-bus-massacre

[20] https://www.osenlaw.com/content/park...ombing-netanya

[21] https://www.idf.il/en/minisites/fact...military-wing/

[22] http://graphics8.nytimes.com/package...03_release.pdf

[23] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_9zcElqetqk

[24] https://web.archive.org/web/20111203...gov2010-10.pdf

[25] http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Doc...gov2010-10.pdf

[26] https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-29832690

[27] http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/mid...st/4295111.stm

[28] https://www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-ad...ws-and-customs

[29] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women%27s_rights_in_Iran#Sports €
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TheJohnM
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We sell weapons to Saudi Arabia and they have been used to kill children in Yemen. We are currently worse than Iran so should be sanctioning ourselves
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username1450924
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I'll more then likely abstain on the issue but I will watch the debate, if there is one, and make up my mind when it goes to division.
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Connor27
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Aye.

By no means does this excuse the actions of Saudi Arabia, which I also vehemently oppose, however Iran is the biggest state sponsor of terrorism on planet Earth, and has used money received from the West, including from the JCPOA, to fund R&D of nuclear weapons, and has used its government’s paramilitary wing (Hezbollah) to terrorise Israel and Christians in Lebanon also.
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CatusStarbright
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I well-written motion. I too shall be watching the comments made on this motion with interest.
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LibertarianMP
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Same as Tommy, this is a tough one for me
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Saunders16
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(Original post by Connor27)
Aye.

By no means does this excuse the actions of Saudi Arabia, which I also vehemently oppose, however Iran is the biggest state sponsor of terrorism on planet Earth, and has used money received from the West, including from the JCPOA, to fund R&D of nuclear weapons, and has used its government’s paramilitary wing (Hezbollah) to terrorise Israel and Christians in Lebanon also.
Hear, hear!
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Trevism
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Honestly I think we've got to be careful not to jump too quickly to sanctioning. The US' introduction of sanctions was a purely political move by the President to whitewash the legacy of the Obama administration and to take a similarly calculated political powerplay would be dangerous in the grand scheme of geopolitics.
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LifeIsFine
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In doing this, are we to assume we want no more commitment to the Iran nuclear deal ?
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Jammy Duel
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This has entered cessation
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Saracen's Fez
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#11
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This motion has been withdrawn.
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#12
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Division! Clear the lobbies!
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