AQA GCSE History Statistics and Dates for Cold war, Germany and Empire Watch

Volkerbund1933
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During my revision this year, I compiled a list of GCSE history statistics that could be used for History. While sadly I did not do Medicine (which seems like a lot of people do it) , It might be useful for those who do the aforementioned topics. I've copied and pasted from a Docs, so enjoy


GCSE History- Statistics + Dates

Cold War
1.1- What was the Cold War
  • Joseph Stalin- 20 million opponents murdered, and more sent to Gulags (prison camps)


1.3 How did the world react to the Russian Revolution
  • Duration of Russian Civil War 1917-1923
  • The creation of Soviet Russia- 1922, declared by Lenin


1.4 What were relations like before 1945?
  • End of WWII in Europe- May 1945
  • Invasion of the USSR (Operation Barbarossa)- 22nd June 1941


1.5 Peace in Europe?
  • Percentages Agreement
  1. Romania- (Russia-90% Others-10%)
  2. Greece (The UK and the US- 90% Russia-10%)
  3. Yugoslavia (50-50)
  4. Hungary (50-50)
  5. Bulgaria (Russia-75% Others- 25%)

1.7 Potsdam Conference
  • Date of Yalta Conference- Feb 1945
  • Date of Potsdam conference- July 1945
  • Soviet invasion of Manchuria (Japan)- Aug 1945


1.8 Effect of the atomic bomb
  • Immediate deaths of Hiroshima bomb- 70,000
  • Immediate deaths of Nagasaki bomb- 40,000
  • Soviet development of the atom bomb- 1949

2.1 Iron Curtain
  • Date of Iron curtain speech by Churchill- March 1946 (in Missouri University)

2.2 What was the Truman Doctrine?
  • Date of Greek Civil War- 1946

2.3 What was the Marshall Plan?
  • American financial aid to european countries- Total $17 billion
  • Countries that accepted Marshall Aid
  1. UK, Netherlands, West Germany, Austria, France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Sweden, Ireland (ROI), Turkey, Portugal, Yugoslavia (and Trieste), Iceland, Denmark, Norway

2.5 and 2.6 The Berlin Blockade/ The Berlin Airlift
  • Beginning of the Berlin Blockade- 24th June 1948
  • Operation Vittles stats
  1. 4000 Tonnes delivered to West Berlin daily
  2. 12,000 tonnes of coal delivered on 15th April 1949 (‘Easter Parade’ airlift)
  • Date of creation of the Federal Republic of Germany (West) - 23rd May 1949
  • Date of creation of the German Democratic Republic (East)- October 1949
  • Date of creation of NATO- April 1949
  • Original members of NATO : US, UK, France, Canada, Italy, Norway, Belgium, Netherlands, Denmark, Luxembourg, Portugal, Iceland (W Germany joins in 1955)
  • Number of U2 flights over Soviet territory- 10
  • Downing of Francis.G Powers’ U2 Plane - 1st May 1960 (Exchange in Germany - 14th February 1962

3.1 Communism in China
  • Terms of the Treaty of Friendship
  1. $300 million loan
  2. 20,000 Soviet experts sent to China (paid for)
  3. 95% of loan to be repaid with high interest- Most of loan to be spent on Soviet products
  4. Vital ports (Dalian and Lushun) returned back
  5. Soviet mining rights in Xinjiang territory
  6. If either nation attacked, the other would declare war on the aggressor
  7. 8000 Chinese Students allowed to study in the USSR

3.3 The Vietnam War
  • 17th Parallel- Where North and South Vietnam would be split
  • Number of military ‘advisors’ sent under JFK- 16000 in 1960
  • French casualties in Indochina war- 90,000
  • Cost spent on Vietnam War- $950 Billion (2016 Dollars)- $168,000 per ‘enemy combatant’

4.2 Space race
  • First manmade object in Space- 4th Oct 1957 Sputnik (USSR)
  • First Human in space- 12th April 1961 Yuri Gagarin (USSR)
  • First woman in space- 16th June 1963 Valentina Tereshkova (USSR)
  • First man on the moon- 20th July 1969 Neil Armstrong (U.S)
  • First joint space mission- 15th July 1975 Apollo-Soyuz


5.2 Superpowers’ response to the Hungarian Uprising
  • Casualties of the Hungarian Uprising
  1. 200,000 Hungarian refugees fleeing to Austria
  2. 2.5k civilians killed
  3. Imre Nagy and other cabinet ministers executed. (Others imprisoned and/or removed


6.1 Berlin: A divided city
  • Number of Berlin Wall escapee deaths- 86
  • Berlin Wall completion date - 13th August 1961

7.2 What happened at the Bay of Pigs
  • Cost spent on ‘invasion’- $5 million
  • Casualties of invasion- 200 killed, 1197 captured

9.2 Detente
  • Diplomatic relations between the US and China established- January 1979
  • Signing of 1972 Basic Treaty (West Germany recognising East Germany as a sovereign state, as well as to an extent accepting Oder-Neisse Borders) - 21st December 1972

Germany 1890-1945
1.1 What was Germany like before the First World War
  • Unification of Germany- 1871
  • German Colonies overseas (Pre 1918)
  1. Kiaochow (China)
  2. Togo and Cameroon
  3. Southwest Africa (Namibia today)
  4. East africa (Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi today)
  5. Kaiser Wilhelm Land (Part of Papua New Guinea today)
  • Treaty of Versailles Conditions
  1. Financial reparations set at £6.6 billion
  2. 100,000 soldiers and six battleships limitation
  3. Barred from Anschluss (union) with Austria
  4. Loses Sudetenland, most of Prussia and its overseas colonies

3.3 To what extent did Weimar Germany recover from 1923
  • Young Plan- Initial £6.6 billion reparations lowered down to £1.8 million
  • Dawes Plan- 800 million Gold Mark loan from the US
  • Old Reichsmark replaced by temporary Rentenmark, and then new reichsmark established

4.1 Depression’s effect on Germany
  • Number of unemployed in Germany (Peak)- 6.1 million (1932)

4.2 Growth of the Nazi Party
  • 1928 elections vs 1932 and 1933- 12 seats in the Reichstag (1928), 230 (1932), 196 (Nov 1932)
  • Number of voters for Nazi party- 17 million (1933)

7.1 ‘Work and Bread’
  • Unemployment in 1932 to 1937 (in millions)- 6.1 (1932), 1.8 (1937)
  1. Note that the Nazi statistics ignored Women and Jews
  • Growth of the Wehrmacht- 100,000 (1932) - 1,400,000 (1938)
  • Development of the Autobahn- 3,800 kilometres (1938)

7.4 Impact of War
  • Casualties in Stalingrad- 80,000 killed and 90,000 surrendered
  • Notable targets bombed by Allied air forces- The Ruhr Valley (industrial), Berlin, Dresden, Hamburg, Cologne

8.1 How did the Nazis change young people's’ lives
  • Number of teachers dismissed- 3000
  • Hitler Youth membership 1933 to 1939 (2,292,041 to 7,287,470)


8.2 Women in Nazi Germany
  • Number of babies born in 1933 to 1939- 970,000 to 1,413,000
  • Motherhood medal ranking-
  1. 1st Class- Mothers with 8 children and more
  2. 2nd Class- Mothers with 6-7 children
  3. 3rd class- Mothers with 4-5 children


8.3 Christianity and the Nazis
  • Christianity demographics in Germany - 33% catholic, 66% protestant of total population
  • Number of Pastors arrested- 800

8.4 Hitler’s ‘hate list’ and the Final solution
  • Number of disabled people sterilised- 350,000
  • Number of people euthanized - 200,000
  • Number of jewish victims in Kristallnacht- 100 killed, 20,000 sent to concentration camps and 200 synagogues burned down
  • Number of Jews exterminated - 6 million
  • Number of Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto- 440,000 people (40% of Warsaw) in a space of only 3.5 miles (5% of Warsaw)

Migrations, Empires and the People

1.1 Why did the Vikings invade Britain?
  • Date of invasion of Viking raids on Lindisfarne and Iona - A.D 793 (L) A.D 795

1.2 What was ‘great’ about King Alfred of Wessex?
  • Date of the Battle of Edington- Alfred defeats Guthrum + Danelaw is established - May 878

1.3 King Cnut and the North Sea Empire
  • Aethelred’s Danegeld- 3,300,000 grams of silver (about £900,000 in today’s money)
  • Date of St Brice’s day massacre- Aethelred orders murder of any Vikings south of Danelaw - November 1002
  • Reign of King Cnut- 1016-35


2.1 A Norman Kingdom
  • Victims of the Harrying of the North (according to a Norman writer) - 100,000 dead along with many crops and livestock destroyed

2.2 and 2.3 The Angevin Empire under Henry II and John ‘lackland’
  • Territories acquired by England, under Henry II’s marriage to Eleanor of Aquitaine and English territories of Henry in France (marked L for lost under John)
  1. Normandy (L)
  2. Brittany (L)
  3. Maine (L) - Do not mix with Maine (U.S state)
  4. Anjou (L)
  5. Touraine (L)
  6. Aquitaine (Retained only half of the Duchy under John)

3.1 and 3.2 The Hundred Years’ War
  • English declaration of War - 1337 by Edward III
  • Battle of Agincourt and Crecy- (1415) - showed English might against all odds, as well as proving decisive for the English.
  • French losses in HYW- 50% of France’s population (not just military deaths)
  • Agincourt casualties of French vs English- ~1-11k to 112-600 dead/wounded

4.3 The impact of the slave trade on Britain
  • Value of the trade from 1761 - 1808 - £60 million (£ 3,705,937,500 in today’s money)
  • Number of slaves transported under the Royal African Company- 60,000
  • Date of Abolishment of Slavery (total) - 1833

5.3 What did losing the American colonies cost?
  • Cost of war for Britain- £80 million (£ 4,685,037,037 today)
  • Casualties of the American revolutionary war - 25,000 American casualties, 30,000 British casualties


6.1 The Huguenot Migration
  • Migration of Huguenots to England- 50,000 (out of a total 200,000 who fled from France)
  • King Louis XIV tears up Edict of Nantes (Protecting French right to practise protestantism) - 1685

7.1 How and why did Britain gain control of India
  • Losses at the Battle of Plassey- 22 East India Company soldiers killed to 500 Mughal soldiers

7.3 What was the impact of the Empire on Britain and India
  • Trade in the 1800s of Tea - £30 million (£1,756,888,888 today) per year
  • British contributions to India
  1. £400 million invested in India by 1914 (£ 32,269,387,755)
  2. 30,000 kilometres of railways constructed across India
  3. 100,000 Bridges constructed
  4. Legal system established along with multiple universities
  5. British exports to India in the early 1900s - £140 million (£11,294,285,714)
  6. 80,000 kilometres of roads constructed
  7. 12,000 kilometres of Canals dug out


8.1 The Scramble for africa
  • Date of the Berlin Conference - 1884
  • Lands taken by Britain- Egypt, South Africa, Sudan, Nigeria, ‘Southern Rhodesia’ (Now Zambia and Zimbabwe). In total 32% of Africa

8.3 Why did Britain get involved in Egypt
  • Loan taken from the Rothschilds- £4 million (to buy out Egyptian share of Suez canal)
  • Occupation of Egypt- 1882

8.4 Boer War
  • British and Boer casualties
  1. 450,000 British soldiers employed
  2. 6000 dead in battle with another 16000 from illnesses.
  3. 7000 Boer soldiers dead with 28000 civilians killed

9.1 and 9.2 Jewish and Irish Migrations to England
  • Number of Irish-born people in Britain (1861)- 600,000
  • Number of Jewish migrations to Britain (1850)- 400 in 1690 to a population of 40,000

9.3 People on the move in 19th century Britain
  • Number of emigrations from the UK to the colonies (1815 -1914) - 22 million
  • Number of migrations per the Indentured system- 150,000 people per decade (from 1841-1910)
  • Number of convicts sent to Australia 1787-1807 - 20,000

10.1 How did the British lose their Empire
  • Year of Independence
  1. 1947- India and Pakistan
  2. 1951- Libya
  3. 1922- Egypt
  4. 1962- Uganda
  5. 1957- Ghana
  6. 1948- Israel
  7. 1963- Kenya


11.2A Empire Windrush and Migration to the UK
  • Number of Caribbean immigrants in 1961- 172,000
  • Passing of the Commonwealth act, restricting entry for Commonwealth immigrants- 1971
  • Amount of Ugandans of South-Asian descent expelled from Uganda- 90,000 (23,500 of those who migrated to the UK)
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Volkerbund1933
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This is for Y10 ideally, who have to do the same dreadful 9-1 History next year- Ofc too late for the batch who did it
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