Left and Right realism on crime and devianceWatch
Can anyone please just summarise the 2 perspectives and the solutions to crime that they propose.
I hate crime and deviance so much!!
Left Realists: largely accept official statistics as accurate. They take crime seriously, and focus on crimes of the W/C.
Explanations for crime:
Relative Deprivation. Lea & Young focus on crimes of black youth. Relative Deprivation doesn't actually cause crime, but it's the discontent which is breeds that does.
Changes in the economy. A decline in manual and manufacturing jobs has increased unemployment, and ultimately a disintegration of the W/C. You can use examples like closures of dockyards, mines, etc
Dealing with crime:
They say good policing can play an important role in reducing crime. Lea & Young - black youths are reluctant to help police and accept their authority as they believe the police have racist attitudes.
Stop and search methods are seen as bad, because they cause further reluctance to comply and alienate the community.
But a solution to this is basically greater democratic control of the police, and also a decriminalisation of minor offences with alternatives to prison.
Strengths: This approach takes crime seriously and is very useful because it provides explanations for the causes and solutions of crime. It gives a balanced account of police and offenders, neither glorifying them nor demonising them.\
Weaknesses: It tends to focus mainly on W/C black youth crime (Lea & Young). In so doing, it neglects white collar crime, which can be considered more harmful in some cases.
It may also have over-estimated the issue of relative deprivation. Evidence suggests huge improvements have been made since Labour came to power, in helping disadvantaged communities.
Right Realism is an extreme of the Functionalist approach, and again accepts official statistics. Your man here is Murray.
He says everyone is tempted to commit crime, but what prevents is the amount of social bonds that hold us together. Murray talks about the development of the Underclass.
Inadequate Socialisation: the rise of single parent families means young boys grow up without appropriate male role-models. Crime is a way of proving they are men, if employment is not a desirable option.
There is more, but I dont have time to go into it, sorry!
Think I gave you rep lol...not sure how to do it.
lol. joking. Seriously, in the time I've got, I can't come up with anything much better than the 1st reply has done.