The Student Room Group

Isaac Physics

A 2.400Γ—10^22kg moon orbits a 7.200Γ—10^24kg planet with an orbital radius of 2.500Γ—10^8m. Calculate the gravitational potential at the point half way between the centres of the planet and its moon. You should take the Universal gravitational constant to be 𝐺=6.674Γ—10^βˆ’11Nm^2kg^βˆ’2. [Note: more significant figures are used in this question than appear in earlier printings of the book.]
The potential at the midpoint = Potential due to moon + Potential due to planet
(edited 5 years ago)
Original post by BobbJo
The potential at the midpoint = Potential due to moon + Potential due to planet


I got like 1.929x10^6 but its wrong
Original post by Kimberley_P
I got like 1.929x10^6 but its wrong

Yes it's wrong. Post the working
Potential varies inversely as distance so the formula is
Ο•=βˆ’GMr \phi =- \dfrac{GM}{r}
make sure to use correct formula
i did ((-2.4x10^22*6.674x10^-11)/2.5x10^8)+((--7.2x10^24*6.674x10^-11)/(2.5x10^8/2))
==-3.848x10^6 but still its wrong. so could you help me please???
Original post by Kimberley_P
i did ((-2.4x10^22*6.674x10^-11)/2.5x10^8)+((--7.2x10^24*6.674x10^-11)/(2.5x10^8/2))
==-3.848x10^6 but still its wrong. so could you help me please???

first one should be 1.25 x 10^8 in the denominator
Original post by BobbJo
first one should be 1.25 x 10^8 in the denominator


Thank You
HI, I have another question related to this which I can't solve

Calculate the gravitational potential at a point 6.800Γ—10^8m from the centre of the planet in question F5.16 on the same side of the planet as its moon. You should take the Universal gravitational constant to be 𝐺=6.674Γ—10^βˆ’11Nm^2kg^βˆ’2. [Note: more significant figures are used in this question than appear in earlier printings of the book.]

F5.16 A 2.400Γ—10^22 kg moon orbits a 7.200Γ—10^24 planet with an orbital radius of 2.500Γ—10^8m. Calculate the gravitational potential at the point half way between the centres of the planet and its moon. You should take the Universal gravitational constant to be 𝐺=6.674Γ—10^βˆ’11Nm^2kg^βˆ’2. [Note: more significant figures are used in this question than appear in earlier printings of the book.]
=-3.857x10^6 J/kg
Original post by Kimberley_P
HI, I have another question related to this which I can't solve

Calculate the gravitational potential at a point 6.800Γ—10^8m from the centre of the planet in question F5.16 on the same side of the planet as its moon. You should take the Universal gravitational constant to be 𝐺=6.674Γ—10^βˆ’11Nm^2kg^βˆ’2. [Note: more significant figures are used in this question than appear in earlier printings of the book.]

F5.16 A 2.400Γ—10^22 kg moon orbits a 7.200Γ—10^24 planet with an orbital radius of 2.500Γ—10^8m. Calculate the gravitational potential at the point half way between the centres of the planet and its moon. You should take the Universal gravitational constant to be 𝐺=6.674Γ—10^βˆ’11Nm^2kg^βˆ’2. [Note: more significant figures are used in this question than appear in earlier printings of the book.]
=-3.857x10^6 J/kg

draw a diagram to show the relative positions, then the distances to use are clearer

the gravitational potential at a point 6.800Γ—10^8m from the centre of the planet in question F5.16 on the same side of the planet as its moon = gravitational potential due to planet at a point 6.8 x 10^8m from its centre + gravitational potential due to moon at a point (6.8 - 2.5) x10^8 m from its centre

the gravitational potential at a point 6.800Γ—10^8m from the centre of the planet in question F5.16 on the same side of the planet as its moon = gravitational potential due to planet at a point 6.8 x 10^8m from its centre + gravitational potential due to moon at a point 4.3 x10^8 m from its centre
Original post by BobbJo
draw a diagram to show the relative positions, then the distances to use are clearer

the gravitational potential at a point 6.800Γ—10^8m from the centre of the planet in question F5.16 on the same side of the planet as its moon = gravitational potential due to planet at a point 6.8 x 10^8m from its centre + gravitational potential due to moon at a point (6.8 - 2.5) x10^8 m from its centre

the gravitational potential at a point 6.800Γ—10^8m from the centre of the planet in question F5.16 on the same side of the planet as its moon = gravitational potential due to planet at a point 6.8 x 10^8m from its centre + gravitational potential due to moon at a point 4.3 x10^8 m from its centre

thank you
Original post by username3249896
The potential at the midpoint = Potential due to moon + Potential due to planet


Could you pls explain why the two potentials need to be added and not subtracted?
Original post by student_here!
Could you pls explain why the two potentials need to be added and not subtracted?


In short, it is by "definition". Gravitational potential is a scalar, we are finding the "net" gravitational potential at a point due to 2 different masses, so we are summing them.
If you still have an issue, please start a new thread and describe your issue.

Latest