# Physics equation

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#1
Hi, so what is U here? I think qe is charge of electron. I am not sure what the equation E =qe.U is for? Dont really get that.

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2 years ago
#2
The voltage applied I assume
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#3
(Original post by Tgm11801)
The voltage applied I assume
Thanks! So U is the voltage applied? Is that right?

And also do you undertsand the equation I quoted above?
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#4
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2 years ago
#5
what don't you understand?
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#6
what don't you understand?
Hey! So
so what is U here? I think qe is charge of electron. I am not sure what the equation E =qe.U is for? Dont really get that.
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2 years ago
#7
U is the voltage between the anode and cathode, are you familiar with E = V×Q?
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2 years ago
#8
E is energy. Equation is 'energy = charge x voltage'
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#9
U is the voltage between the anode and cathode, are you familiar with E = V×Q?
Thanks a lot! I wasn't familiar with it before but I am now that you have mentioned it! So how is the energy of electrons used for imaging connected to magnitude of the acceleration voltage between the anode and cathode of electron beam source. So I know it simply state in the text the relationship between these two but I dont quite understand what they are trying to explain here. I dont undretsand the content. What is this acceleration voltage and what causes it? Also, how do you go from to Attachment 793076793078 I really apologise for my dumb questions! I have done mechanics As level and got an A in that but other than that I am not very familiar with physics :/ - this is biophysics stuff for med school
Last edited by Kalabamboo; 2 years ago
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#10
(Original post by old_teach)
E is energy. Equation is 'energy = charge x voltage'
Thanks a lot! I wasn't familiar with it before but I am now that you have mentioned it! So how is the energy of electrons used for imaging connected to magnitude of the acceleration voltage between the anode and cathode of electron beam source. So I know it simply state in the text the relationship between these two but I dont quite understand what they are trying to explain here. What is this acceleration voltage and what causes it? Also, how do you go from to Attachment 793076793078 I really apologise for my dumb questions! I have done mechanics As level and got an A in that but other than that I am not very familiar with physics :/ - this is biophysics stuff for med school
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2 years ago
#11
This may help ...
The equation for wavelength is = h / momentum (p).
Momentum depends on the ke, E:
since E = 1/2 m v2, p = mv = sqrt(2mE)
since E = q x voltage, they get an equation for wavelength (of electrons - this may be an odd concept if you've not done much physics!) depending on accelerating voltage (which they call U)
I guess being able to change the wavelength of electrons is useful for electron microscopes.
(btw they are giving the electrons ke by accelerating them towards a large +ve voltage)
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#12
(Original post by old_teach)
This may help ...
The equation for wavelength is = h / momentum (p).
Momentum depends on the ke, E:
since E = 1/2 m v2, p = mv = sqrt(2mE)
since E = q x voltage, they get an equation for wavelength (of electrons - this may be an odd concept if you've not done much physics!) depending on accelerating voltage (which they call U)
I guess being able to change the wavelength of electrons is useful for electron microscopes.
(btw they are giving the electrons ke by accelerating them towards a large +ve voltage)
Thanks a lot! So I equated p=mv and p=sqrt(2mE) and rearranged and this gave me E = 1/2 mv^2. I also have to know that E = q x voltage but then how do you get equation for wavelength of electrons from there? Apologies again!
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2 years ago
#13
wavelength = h / p (de Broglie's equation - just accept it's true!)
= h / (mv)
= h / sqrt(2m E) (remember we know E = 1/2 m v2)
= h / sqrt(2m qU) (E = qU)
= numbers / sqrt(U)
where numbers = h / sqrt(2mq). I trust them = 1.225 (x 10-9)

hope that's ok now.
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#14
(Original post by old_teach)
wavelength = h / p (de Broglie's equation - just accept it's true!)
= h / (mv)
= h / sqrt(2m E) (remember we know E = 1/2 m v2)
= h / sqrt(2m qU) (E = qU)
= numbers / sqrt(U)
where numbers = h / sqrt(2mq). I trust them = 1.225 (x 10-9)

hope that's ok now.
Thank you very much! I didn't trust them so I tried to calculate it myself haha - sorry! just going to attach my workings in a few minutes - my laptop is constantly crashing for some reason Here it is : Attachment 793146 It didn't quite work out :/ to give 1.225/sqrtU
Last edited by Kalabamboo; 2 years ago
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2 years ago
#15
(Original post by Kalabamboo)
Thanks a lot! I wasn't familiar with it before but I am now that you have mentioned it! So how is the energy of electrons used for imaging connected to magnitude of the acceleration voltage between the anode and cathode of electron beam source. So I know it simply state in the text the relationship between these two but I don’t quite understand what they are trying to explain here. I don’t understand the content. What is this acceleration voltage and what causes it?
You need some basic concepts of electric field.

Assume that there is a pair of metallic parallel plates separated by a distance d and is connected to a potential difference of say V. A uniform electric field E is set up between the pair of metallic parallel plates. When a stationary electron q is placed in just outside the negative potential plate, it is subjected to an electric force qE. So it would accelerate toward the positive potential plate.

From Newton’s 2nd law,

F = ma

qE = ma ---Eqn(1)

The uniform electric field between the pair of metallic parallel plates is “defined” by

---Eqn(2)

Sub (2) into (1),

If you manipulate the left-hand side of (3) by

where I have used v2 = u2 + 2as.

So we can say that the gain in KE of the electron is equal to qV.

Note that we can KE in terms of momentum of the electron:

(Original post by Kalabamboo)
Also, how do you go from to I really apologise for my dumb questions! I have done mechanics As level and got an A in that but other than that I am not very familiar with physics :/ - this is biophysics stuff for med school

h is known as the Planck constant, 6.63 × 10-34 m2 kg / s

m is the mass of electron, 9.11 × 10-31 kg

m is the electron charge, 1.60 × 10-19 C

Note that the V is the U in your note.

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2 years ago
#16
charge on electron is not -1!
ignore the sign - doesn't work well under sqrt! The equation has assumed electron is negative.
q = 1.6 x 10-19 C.
It worked for me
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#17
(Original post by old_teach)
charge on electron is not -1!
ignore the sign - doesn't work well under sqrt! The equation has assumed electron is negative.
q = 1.6 x 10-19 C.
It worked for me
Ah yes thank you very much Really appreciate your time!!
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#18
(Original post by Eimmanuel)
You need some basic concepts of electric field.

Assume that there is a pair of metallic parallel plates separated by a distance d and is connected to a potential difference of say V. A uniform electric field E is set up between the pair of metallic parallel plates. When a stationary electron q is placed in just outside the negative potential plate, it is subjected to an electric force qE. So it would accelerate toward the positive potential plate.

From Newton’s 2nd law,

F = ma

qE = ma ---Eqn(1)

The uniform electric field between the pair of metallic parallel plates is “defined” by

---Eqn(2)

Sub (2) into (1),

If you manipulate the left-hand side of (3) by

where I have used v2 = u2 + 2as.

So we can say that the gain in KE of the electron is equal to qV.

Note that we can KE in terms of momentum of the electron:

h is known as the Planck constant, 6.63 × 10-34 m2 kg / s

m is the mass of electron, 9.11 × 10-31 kg

m is the electron charge, 1.60 × 10-19 C

Note that the V is the U in your note.

Thank you so much! My brain is in sleep mode at the moment haha but I will definitely reply back to this and also to your kind reply back to my other question! Really appreciate your help
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2 years ago
#19
(Original post by Kalabamboo)
Thank you so much! My brain is in sleep mode at the moment haha but I will definitely reply back to this and also to your kind reply back to my other question! Really appreciate your help
No worry.
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