Both have the same endings iirc (unless I got the subjunctive wrong) and I'm always mixed up with these two, could someone explain the differences and how they're both formed?
Thanks a bunch!
- 19-05-2008 19:57
- 19-05-2008 21:15
Hmm, it's not the subjunctive I'm on about then; it's another tense with the same endings as the imperfect, but I've completely forgotten the name and what it does. o_O
- 19-05-2008 21:41
Take the future stems and add the imperfect endings.
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- 19-05-2008 22:10
Yeah, you're thinking of the conditional, which is totally different from the subjunctive, but has the same sort of endings. Great summary btw for the subjunctive, Wes. Rep for you later...
The major difference is that conditional endings are added on to the full verb infinitive, whereas the imperfect endings are added to the stem of the verb (ie without its -er/-ir/-re ending)
The conditional is the same as 'would' in English. It describes what would happen on the CONDITION of something else - hypothetically speaking. 'I WOULD like that' (if it happened). 'She WOULD go into town' (if she had any money).
Example - 'parler'
Imperfect: (used to speak/spoke/was speaking)
Conditional: (would speak)
The imperfect has the stem 'parl' + ending. The conditional uses the full infinitive 'parler' + ending. So a GENERAL rule, is that if you can see the infinitive in a word, which includes an R, then it's conditional (or future).
An example in practice:
If I spoke to Pierre, I would like Mary.
Si je parlais a Pierre, J'aimerais Mary.
Excuse the lack of accent on the 'a' there.
- 20-05-2008 06:59
Brilliant summary people, it helped a truckload! Finally got all the tenses clear in my mind. =)
- 20-05-2008 19:46
How did you find the exams?