AQA Sociology: Families and Media Watch
Q1: dependency ratio=more workers pay tax for NHS=less income for families.
Increased retirement age=parents need to find diff childcare for children=costly.
Q2: children may feel responsible for parents divorce, lack role model in the home.
Reconstituted families=positive for children as they have ‘friend’ in childhood.
Q3: feminism: women have dual burden, triple shift, emotion work.
Domestic violence - dobash and dobash. ( criticism - happens to men too ignored in feminism)
Functionalism: nuclear family=universal (Murdock) Parsons-primary socialisation, stabilise adult personality.
Marxism: family aids capitalism, Althusser=ISA. Produces obedient workers.
New right: modern nuclear family (Murray.)
Postmodernism: family social construct, post-fordist=responds to changing society and evolving family structures.
Q1: women stereotyped but audience doesn’t have to read/accept message and can create their own.
Not just women stereotyped, celebrities like David beckham are stereotyped in media.
Q2: negative effect: copycat violence, Bobo doll and Jamie bulger. Limit this through putting age ratings on TV/ games.
Positive effect: acts as carthasis so we don’t have to be violent in real life. sensitises us to violence. BUT people may still be violent in real life still aswell.
Q3: Marxism - dominant ideology, false consciousness, rich owners rule media e.g murdoch.
Pluralism - we can choose to accept or reject media ideologies, citizen journalism undermines trad media owners, media can’t produce biased ideologies because they compete for audiences.
Postmodernism - media has developed to meet audiences needs.