Poll: OCR A Level Biology A Paper 1 2019 | How did it go?
Aced it. (222)
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Good. (915)
44.46%
Meh. (766)
37.22%
Calamatous. (155)
7.53%
The_Governor200
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==Very Brief Intro==

Sorry for the typo in the poll calamitous not calamatous. Any-whom.


If anyone wants use this to make a better unofficial mark-scheme feel free.


Please post your answers below and I will update accordingly. Evil Homer



====Multiple Choice (Questions 1-15) no particular order, but see the contribution at the bottom.

Thanks to reenam for the multiple choice.


1) which plant hormones cause fruit to drop
- auxin
-ethene
-gibberelins

Answer: ethene and auxin


2) the question on myoglobin, adult haemoglobin and fetal haemoglobin
- myoglobin (far left -no S shape curve), fetal haemoglobin then adult haemoglobin (far right)


3) question on bacteria appearing blue and limiting factors
- i put it absorbs red light and light intensity is a limiting factor


4) evidence to show gravitropism
- roots moves down


5) when plant is put under water stress what evidence for abscisic acid role
- stomatal closure


6) diagram of pre synaptic neurone. which row correct.
- cant remember which row but vesicles dont contain ca2+, it was the axon not the dendron, and arrow pointed to the pre-synaptic membrane and mitochondria in the bulb


7) question on meristem cells, xylem cells- which is living and dead. I think xylem is dead, but meristem is living im not sure though


8) stem cells question - this was good
- ability to divide and regenerate tissue.


9) bone marrow stem cells question
- pluripotent and multipotent
- neither pluripotent nor multipotent
- multipotent but not pluripotent - i put this one because i thought bone marrow cells can only differentiate into blood cells (hence multipotent) but not pluripotent, cos that's differentiation into all kinds of cells? i acc have no clue lol.


10) Picture of a synapse where you had to label the organelles.


11) Auxins in the dark. FIll in the work section. Answer was possibly light synthesised auxin. Auxin causes cells to elongate.

12) Photosynthetic bacteria. They reflect red light.

13) Tendons in muscles features. They are flexible, insoluble, strong

14) Bone marrow stem cells. Identify what the blood cells were. Answer was probably erythrocyte, and phagocyte, definitely not that epithelial cell.

15) Aldosterone question



Multiple choice contributions in order of question number 1-15:

Rosiepointon5: C A A C D A D D C B D C D D B
Clingfilmhater: C A A C D A B D B C D C D B B

Consensus: C A A C D A ? D ? ? D C D ? B









====Written questions (assorted)









The Heart:


Graph on the pressure of left aorta, left atrium and left ventricle.

Compare the pressure between the left atrium and left ventricle on the tiny scale going up in 0.2s. Graph.

Percentage increase of the pressure of the left aorta: 45% (2 significant figures)

Beats per minute calculation: 60/0.7 = 86 BPM (2 significant figures)

Type of valve after percentage question: Bicuspid or semilunar






Food Tests, Colorimetry and Brown Fat:


Food tests: various things about biuret's, iodine, glucose strips insert (whatever that was for anyway). Table asking for the colours of different tests that would show (annoying as different textbooks use different colours but I'm sure the mark scheme will accommodate for this.)

Food molecule that would not show: non-reducing sugar.



How would a colorimeter improve the results?

A colorimiter improves results as is produces objective results whereas colours are a subjective result as different people can interpret them differently.



Which organelle does brown fat have more of?


-SER or mitochondria?




Circulatory systems (6 marker):


Compare and contrast the circulatory systems of mammals and fish

Fish have a single circulatory system. Heart has two chambers.
Mammals have a double circulatory system. Heart has four chambers.

Both have a closed circulatory system.

Countercurrent possible for fish?

Explanations required?






Bodybuilders, Steroid Users and Athletic Students:


Why is the bodybuilders blood vessels showing most likely to be veins?

Large in appearance due to the large lumen of the vein..

Close to muscle tissue ( muscle contraction aids the movement of blood through veins due to it being under Low pressure)

Capillaries are too small to be that big.




Why are steroid hormones be applied to skin?

It was about how the receptors on the skin have a site that is complementary to the shape of ACh




Why athletic people have slower heart-rates?

Less plaque build up in the blood vessels?
Stronger heart muscles?




What the students should have kept constant for intensity exercise?

-age
-level of exercise
-food intake before the exercise

etc etc etc etc...






Protein Structure:


What is a conjugated protein with reference to the Figure?

A protein with a prosthetic group (non protein part) in this case the iron ion.



Similarities and differences between haemoglobin and random protein beginning with R?


Similarities:

  • Both contain iron?
  • Globular proteins.

Differences:

  • Haemoglobin is a globular protein?
  • Haemoglobin has 4 polypeptide chains not 1
  • Haemoglobin has two beta polypeptide and two alpha
  • And the other protein has disulfide bonds Haemoglobin doesn’t





Mathematics question and Technicolor Squids:


Volume occupied by iron in the sphere thing.


264nm^3 for volume not occupied by iron.




Role of the hydrophilic and hydrophobic groups





Colour changing squid

The squid question simply asked how acetylcholine could cause the colour to turn blue and then it asked for the mechanism by which the haemocyanin had a lower affinity for oxygen.

People talked about enzymes for the colour change.

Bohrs effect for affinity. Mechanism of lower affinity for oxygen caused by CO2 in the squids blood?

Bohr effect:

High pco2 means more o2 dissociation so this means that o2 is less affinities to haematocyn




Draw suitable graph for table of results

Use most of space. Is a LINE OF BEST FIT required???????






Adrenal glands and Testosterone Cheaters:


Question about the adrenal glands. They labelled the medulla and cortex as region A, B and C .

Table:

Missing answers were Aldosterone, Cortisol, or noraderenaline? Glucocorticoids were also discussed.



Which part of the adrenal gland secretes adrenaline?

The adrenal medulla?




Testosterone question (6 marker) will go here:

Analysis of the graph and conclusion drawn about the statement: The number of people cheating with testosterone in sports went down/ or counterargument.

264 though some people got 255 or near enough that value, there will be leniency.

Loads of ppl getting 36,000 for people teasing positive for testosterone and I don’t know why. The scale of the graph may have confused you.





Electrocardiograms:

Draw atrial fibrillation: Just draw very frequent lines.





Photosynthesis and plant hormones:


Why is gibberelin a plant hormone?

Just like the name I think I just wrote gibberish here about it being a chemical messenger.




Name one other role of gibberellins?

Eg:

Control dormancy in plant seeds.



Name of enzyme in the light independent stage of photosynthesis?





Letters to do with the light independent stage of photosynthesis.

Ribulose Bisphosphate
Triose phosphate
Fatty acids
Amino acids



Why is it both accurate and inaccurate to refer to the light independent stage as being light independent?


It doesn’t use light in the Calvin cycle but it needs to ATP and NADP made from the light dependent reaction to work.




Two roles of auxin?







Why does the plant display the relationship (when lateral shoots don’t grow) with auxins?








Industrial use of plant hormones?

Rooting powder





Scientist's Photosynthesis Experiment:


Variables question to do with a photosynthesis experiment.

Independent variable:Time

Dependent variable: Volume of Oxygen

Variable that was not controlled: Temperature
Last edited by The_Governor200; 1 year ago
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seadventure
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did anyone else find the paper kind of difficult?
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C.wilks
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I thought the paper was quite nice. A lot of untested topics coming up. So much on plant hormones!
(Original post by seadventure)
did anyone else find the paper kind of difficult?
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Evil Homer
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Thankyou for creating this!

Will promote it and get it filled in.

How did it go today guys?
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meganadele1505
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(Original post by The_Governor200)
Please post your answers below and I will update accordingly. Evil Homer


Multiple Choice (Questions 1-15)



Written questions
(Original post by C.wilks)
Let's try and put one together!
I thought the vein one was weird what did people put for that.
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Poohunt
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Large in appearance = vein as large lumen low pressure etc.
Close to muscle tissue ( muscle contraction aids the movement of blood through veins due to it being under Low pressure)
(Original post by meganadele1505)
I thought the vein one was weird what did people put for that.
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Linwoodshan
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Okay good, exactly what I put, waffled a bit though.
(Original post by Poohunt)
Large in appearance = vein as large lumen low pressure etc.
Close to muscle tissue ( muscle contraction aids the movement of blood through veins due to it being under Low pressure)
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Sara saeed
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I wrote both contain Fe ion prosthetic group
What was the other similarity between Haemoglobin and the other protein?
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stitche
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Did anyone else get 86 for the heart rate
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Hir7
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Got 94
(Original post by stitche)
Did anyone else get 86 for the heart rate
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Stars&Galaxies
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(Original post by seadventure)
did anyone else find the paper kind of difficult?
Meee felt as if it was too concentrated on a few topics
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Tygasga
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264nm^3 for volume not occupied by iron
For the letter question on photosynthesis i got:
Ribulose Bisphosphate
Triose phosphate
Fatty acids
Amino acids
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willfoot89
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I said they were both globular proteins
(Original post by Sara saeed)
I wrote both contain Fe ion prosthetic group
What was the other similarity between Haemoglobin and the other protein?
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18DC18
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Yep. But like the idiot I am forgot to round to 2 SF so I put 85
(Original post by stitche)
Did anyone else get 86 for the heart rate
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Sara saeed
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What was the dependent and independent variable
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Hir7
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Grade boundaries will be considerably higher this year I'm guessing...
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willfoot89
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I got this, was a really nice 4 marks and I got the calculation of 264nm^3 too
(Original post by Tygasga)
264nm^3 for volume not occupied by iron
For the letter question on photosynthesis i got:
Ribulose Bisphosphate
Triose phosphate
Fatty acids
Amino acids
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Rosiepointon5
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Mutiple choice :

C A A C D A D D B B D C D D B
Last edited by Rosiepointon5; 1 year ago
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lynn55
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What did people get for the volume not occupied
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The_Governor200
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Jesus christ guys I can't remember anything.
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