Sherif (1935) vs Asch (1952) Results HelpWatch
Does anyone know what the important distinctions are between the results of Sherif's (1935) and Asch's (1952) studies on conformity?
the difference here is that the situation in the sherif study was an ambiguous one (you had to estimate distance) whereas in asch's, it was clear which card had the line matching the length of the standard lines. participants in the sherif study would have likely conformed due to informational social influence bc they were unsure of how correct their estimate was whereas in asch's study, would be more likely that normative social influence explains their conformity- they were conscious of deviating from the group norms. (though it could have also been due to informational social influence as when interviewed after, some of the participants did seem to genuinely believe that the confederates were giving the right answer).
hope this helps