# How does energy move between atomsWatch

Announcements
#1
So atoms consist of protons, nuetrons, and electrons. and protons and nuetrons are actually 3 smaller quarks. but atoms aren't solid spheres, they are mostly empty space.

When energy is given in the form of heat or something, to a box filled with a gas, the energy is said to spread out due to the particles colliding. But since the particles aren't solid spheres, but mostly empty space, how would the particles collide and spread their energies. The atoms can't ever actually touch each other, they only feel each others magnetic, electrical fields and electrostatic forces.

So how is it that energy spreads out between atoms? do the forces they feel have anything to do with it? How does conduction work in solids or liquids?
Last edited by JJJJJAAAAMES; 3 weeks ago
1
3 weeks ago
#2
Electrostatic force does work - it's actually the same as friction.
1
#3
(Original post by Ffddhbcfil)
Electrostatic force does work - it's actually the same as friction.
wdy mean?
0
3 weeks ago
#4
It's true the particles dont actually collide - this is just a helpful way of explaining it as it is easier to visualise and the particles behave in a very similar way to collisions. What actually happens is, as the atoms approach eachother, the electrostatic forces between them get exponentially stronger (as Coulombs law follows an inverse square relationship) and they therefore repel eachother due to the net negative charge of the electrons, and this is how the energy transfers occur.
1
#5
(Original post by slazman)
It's true the particles dont actually collide - this is just a helpful way of explaining it as it is easier to visualise and the particles behave in a very similar way to collisions. What actually happens is, as the atoms approach eachother, the electrostatic forces between them get exponentially stronger (as Coulombs law follows an inverse square relationship) and they therefore repel eachother due to the net negative charge of the electrons, and this is how the energy transfers occur.
Thanks, now that I think of it, this seems really obvious because I already knew about coulombs law and all that, but I just forgot about it.
Last edited by JJJJJAAAAMES; 3 weeks ago
1
3 weeks ago
#6
(Original post by JJJJJAAAAMES)
So atoms consist of protons, nuetrons, and electrons. and protons and nuetrons are actually 3 smaller quarks. but atoms aren't solid spheres, they are mostly empty space.

When energy is given in the form of heat or something, to a box filled with a gas, the energy is said to spread out due to the particles colliding. But since the particles aren't solid spheres, but mostly empty space, how would the particles collide and spread their energies. The atoms can't ever actually touch each other, they only feel each others magnetic, electrical fields and electrostatic forces.

So how is it that energy spreads out between atoms? do the forces they feel have anything to do with it? How does conduction work in solids or liquids?
Magic right?
0
X

new posts
Back
to top
Latest
My Feed

### Oops, nobody has postedin the last few hours.

Why not re-start the conversation?

see more

### See more of what you like onThe Student Room

You can personalise what you see on TSR. Tell us a little about yourself to get started.

### University open days

• Bournemouth University
Midwifery Open Day at Portsmouth Campus Undergraduate
Wed, 16 Oct '19
• Teesside University
Wed, 16 Oct '19
• University of the Arts London
London College of Fashion – Cordwainers Footwear and Bags & Accessories Undergraduate
Wed, 16 Oct '19

### Poll

Join the discussion

#### How has the start of this academic year been for you?

Loving it - gonna be a great year (131)
18.09%
It's just nice to be back! (195)
26.93%
Not great so far... (262)
36.19%
I want to drop out! (136)
18.78%