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Hargreaves argues that education in modern Britain fails to transmit shared values, promote self-disciplines, or cement social solidarity. In reality Britain emphasise individual competition through exams rather than encouraging social solidarity. Which part of the functionalist theory does it challenge? How?
Feminists believe that the education system only benefits men. One of the ways it does this is through a curriculum that is more suited to males. Which part of the functionalist theory does it challenge? How?
The new right argue that the state education system fails to adequately prepare people for work because star control discouraged competition and choice. Which part of the functionalist theory does it challenge? How?
I think this is meritocracy due to them believing that students should be awarded to achieve good jobs.
2. Not too sure about this new one, the only answer I can think of is the concept of the National Curriculum (but I seem to remember this was fa New Right argument). The National Curriculum means that schools are required to teach everyone the same content, and thus students take examinations that do not differ according to sex.
3. I'm not familiar with 'star control' so I'm afraid I can't help you with this one.
I hope this helps, but I don't recommend relying solely on my answers as it has been a while since I've studied Sociology. Good luck.