B1515 – Genetic Modification (Regulation of) Bill 2019 (Second Reading). Watch

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Andrew97
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Genetic Modification (Regulation Of) Bill 2019



B1515 – Genetic Modification (Regulation Of) Bill 2019. LiberofLondon MP


An Act to protect human life on this planet and especially in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland by regulating the use of genetic modifications.


BE IT ENACTED by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:
1: Definitions.
(1) For the purposes of this Act:


(2) a. ”human” is defined as:

(2)(2) i. a sperm cell of the species Homo sapiens, fertile or otherwise,
(2)(2) ii. an egg cell of the species Homo sapiens, fertile or otherwise,
(2)(2) iii. a foetus or embryo of the species Homo sapiens, whether or not it is inside of the mother or not and regardless of its viability,
(2)(2) iv. a member of the species Homo sapiens at any age, living or dead,

(2) b. ”genetic modification” refers to any attempt to modify the DNA of an animal, human, plant, virus or other lifeform or modify the DNA of any species or subspecies of any lifeform, excluding (except in humans) selective breeding.

(2) c. ”proscribed equipment” refers to any equipment which a reasonable person may consider to be, or is being used as, equipment for the purpose of genetic modification of any lifeform.

(2) d. ”dangerous manner” refers to a genetic modification or modifications that a panel established by the Department of Environmental Affairs (hereafter known as DEA) may cause harm to other animals, humans or the environment.


2: Modification of Animals

(1) It is an offence, punishable by imprisonment not exceeding 2 years and a fine of level 5 on the standard scale, to genetically modify an animal without consent from the Secretary of State for Environmental Affairs, with or without a licence to modify organisms.

(2) In the event that the animal has been modified in a dangerous manner, DEA shall destroy it. The modification of animals in a dangerous manner is an offence and punishable by up to 10 years inprisonment and a fine of level 5 on the standard scale.

(3) If an animal has been modified without DEA's permission, it may be sold at an auction of stolen property by whichever police force the animal was captured by, if the modification was not modified in a dangerous manner.

(4) Neither permission nor licence is needed to breed genetically modified animals.

3: Modification of Plants

(1) Plants (including fungi and yeast) may legally be genetically modified, provided that whoever is genetically modifying the plants has a licence to genetically modify organisms.

(2) The Patents Office will not grant patents for any form of genetically modified organism (including animals).

(3) All genetically modified organisms (including animals and their meat, milk and hide) may be sold legally, provided that the customer is informed that he is buying a genetically modified organism or its product.

(4) It is an offence punishable by up to 6 months of imprisonment to genetically modify organisms without a licence to do so or to own proscribed equipment without the aforementioned licence.

(5) It is an offence punishable by a fine of up to level 4 on the standard scale to not disclose that a product has been genetically modified or was made with genetically modified organisms.


4: Modification of Viruses

(1) It is an offence to genetically modify viruses (excluding a non-dangerous virus designed to place DNA inside of an orgamism being modified and which has been approved by DEA), punishable by life imprisonment without the possibility of parole.

(2) In the event that the Secretary of State for Environmental Affairs has reason to believe a genetically modified virus has been released, he may use the powers granted to him under Part 2 of the Civil Contingencies Act 2004 and declare a quarantine around the area in which he believes the said virus has been released for up to thirty days, or (with the permission of Parliament) an indefinite period. He may also suspend the Human Rights Act 1998 in the quarantined area for up to thirty days, or (with the permission of Parliament) an indefinite period.


5: Modification of Humans

(1) It is an offence, punishable by between a minimum of 10 years of imprisonment, to genetically modify or clone a human.

(2) It is an offence, punishable by life imprisonment with a minimum term of 30 years, to genetically modify a human in a dangerous manner.

(3) The Secretary of State for Health may grant an exemption to §5, clause 1 of this Act for theraputic or medical reasons. He, however, may not authorise any form of cloning.

(4) Humans who have been genetically modified without the consent of the Governement will be imprisoned until such time as they consent to their modifications being removed or (if their modifications leave them without the faculties necessary to consent to one's modifications being removed) if they are removed by the Government or if the Government retrospectively gives consent for their modifications.

(5) Humans who have been genetically modified before their birth or without their consent shall not, themselves, be imprisoned. However, the creation of a genetically modified human is still an offense, punishable by the same penalties as stipulated in §5, clause 1


6: Licensing
Licences to modify organisms may be procured by any British citizen over 18, providing that he has not, in the last five years, been in prison for a term between three months to three years, and has never been in prison for longer than three years. A specific cause is not necessary to own a licence.


7: Extent
This Act extends to the United Kingdom.


8 Commencement
The provisions of this Act come into force immediately.


9: Short Title
This Act may be cited as the Genetic Modification (Regulation Of) Act 2019.


Notes
Although this Act may seem draconian, it is best for our country that we regulate these things now rather than in the middle of a genetic pandemic. This Act will not affect farmers who use genetically modified crops, as a licence is only needed for anyone who wishes to make his own medications. Licencing is regulated under the same conditions as are necessary to obtain a Firearms Certificate, which is how these two dangerous objects should be treated. Furthermore, provision has been made for genetic therapy to be performed for medical reasons, which means that our country will not have to watch people die due to a ban on such medicine. Finally, this Bill ensures that genetically modified humans who were modified without their consent shall have the same rights as natural humans.
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_Mia101
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(Original post by Andrew97)




Genetic Modification (Regulation Of) Bill 2019
[field defaultattr=]
4: Modification of Viruses

(1) It is an offence to genetically modify viruses (excluding a non-dangerous virus designed to place DNA inside of an orgamism being modified and which has been approved by DEA), punishable by life imprisonment without the possibility of parole.

(2) In the event that the Secretary of State for Environmental Affairs has reason to believe a genetically modified virus has been released, he may use the powers granted to him under Part 2 of the Civil Contingencies Act 2004 and declare a quarantine around the area in which he believes the said virus has been released for up to thirty days, or (with the permission of Parliament) an indefinite period. He may also suspend the Human Rights Act 1998 in the quarantined area for up to thirty days, or (with the permission of Parliament) an indefinite period.


[/field]
Notes
Although this Act may seem draconian, it is best for our country that we regulate these things now rather than in the middle of a genetic pandemic. This Act will not affect farmers who use genetically modified crops, as a licence is only needed for anyone who wishes to make his own medications. Licencing is regulated under the same conditions as are necessary to obtain a Firearms Certificate, which is how these two dangerous objects should be treated. Furthermore, provision has been made for genetic therapy to be performed for medical reasons, which means that our country will not have to watch people die due to a ban on such medicine. Finally, this Bill ensures that genetically modified humans who were modified without their consent shall have the same rights as natural humans.
Does this mean that if (hypothetically) a genetically modified virus was released somewhere in the UK, you could potentially lose your human rights for up to thirty day or (with the permission of Parliament) an indefinite period, assuming you were in the quarantined area?
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Jammy Duel
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[changes for the second reading]?
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ns_2
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I see no immediate concerns.
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Jammy Duel
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(Original post by ns_2)
I see no immediate concerns.
Bar the significant implications on medicine, farming, agriculture, sustainability, and development in general.
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04MR17
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(Original post by Jammy Duel)
Bar the significant implications on medicine, farming, agriculture, sustainability, and development in general.
None of those things concern the Tories. :nope:
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Andrew97
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(Original post by _Mia101)
Does this mean that if (hypothetically) a genetically modified virus was released somewhere in the UK, you could potentially lose your human rights for up to thirty day or (with the permission of Parliament) an indefinite period, assuming you were in the quarantined area?
I’m just the speaker of MHOC, I’ll tag the proposer LiberOfLondon for you.
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04MR17
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(Original post by Jammy Duel)
[changes for the second reading]?
Section 5 clause 5 is new. That's the only change from a quick glance.
Section 8 is still missing the phrase "upon royal assent".
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Andrew97
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(Original post by 04MR17)
Section 5 clause 5 is new. That's the only change from a quick glance.
Section 8 is still missing the phrase "upon royal assent".
I can confirm that is the change, along with the final sentence in the notes.
Should the proposer ask to send this to division I’ll ask for section 8 to be sorted.
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_Mia101
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(Original post by Andrew97)
I’m just the speaker of MHOC, I’ll tag the proposer LiberOfLondon for you.
Oh okay, thanks.

I just realised that this was not an actual bill :lol:
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Aph
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Opposed in principle.
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shadowdweller
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Still think: "Humans who have been genetically modified without the consent of the Government will be imprisoned until such time as they consent to their modifications being removed" is a major concern in this bill. I will oppose purely on this basis until this is adapted or removed.
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SoggyCabbages
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Nay, this is stupid.
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CatusStarbright
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What on earth are these: '§' ?

At the moment I would be voting it down solely based on the ability to suspect the HRA 1998 under s4(2). I also find the licensing requirements to be rather arbitrary and somewhat lax, which is concerning in itself.
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Saracen's Fez
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(Original post by CatusStarbright)
What on earth are these: '§' ?
Looks like the proposer is a great admirer of the German legal system...
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Andrew97
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(Original post by CatusStarbright)
What on earth are these: '§' ?
The proposer used them to indicate where the thing that was being added needed to be added. Ie §5 means section 5.
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anosmianAcrimony
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''Plants, including fungi and yeast''

AAAAAAAAAAAA

Fungi are not plants. Yeast are fungi. Politicians are not biologists, seemingly.
Last edited by anosmianAcrimony; 4 months ago
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anosmianAcrimony
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(Original post by shadowdweller)
Still think: "Humans who have been genetically modified without the consent of the Government will be imprisoned until such time as they consent to their modifications being removed" is a major concern in this bill. I will oppose purely on this basis until this is adapted or removed.
Yeah, how on earth does that level with the notes that claim the bill ensures genetically modified people have the same rights as natural humans? WTF

Also if a human has been genetically modified in their germline, there's no way you could possibly ''remove'' the modification with our current technology. The bill misunderstands genetic modification on several levels.
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04MR17
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Since my question to the author was ignored in the first reading, I shall use the advance skill of copy and paste which I hope the conservatives soon pick up:

I would ask the author what about the current procedure for the ethical approval of research does he see as a problem? I understand the moral concerns this bill presents, but I don't understand why the status quo may be seen as so offensive in that regard.
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CatusStarbright
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(Original post by Andrew97)
The proposer used them to indicate where the thing that was being added needed to be added. Ie §5 means section 5.
This definitely needs changing then.
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