Benzene directing groupsWatch
Firstly, what is the difference between phenol and phenyl?
And secondly, what are the different directing groups included in my spec? In particular aldehydes.
I know ketones direct at 3, Nitrate directs at 3, halogens direct at 2,4 and alkyl groups direct at 2,4. Are there others I should be aware of? Thanks
Phenyl is usually the prefix when you are naming something that has a benzene ring attached to it. For example, phenylethanoic acid. Which is just ethanoic acid with a benzene ring attached to the 2nd carbon atom.
As for the spec i don't know it or am going to read it so i suggest asking your teacher who is hopefully willing to tell you what you need to know, mine would.
how do you know what the functional group is? so if it's a benzene ring attached to ethanol how do you know if benzene is the functional group or ethanol or if ethanol is the functional group of benzene if that makes sense
In terms of reactions, having a priority group when naming means little because different groups can react under different conditions and a molecule can have more than one functional group anyway.