What is the Role of a criminal trialWatch
Why do we have innocent until proven guilty, why do we have jurors, why are jurors randoms off the street, why do judges and lawyers have funny wigs etc.
To start you off:
A defendant is the person on trial. His lawyers are a solicitor and/or a barrister. they speak on the Defendant's behalf.
A case is prosecuted by the Crown Prosecution Service (sometimes referred to as 'the Crown' or 'the Prosecution'). A solicitor or barrister will represent the prosecution.
A judge will decide issues of law and procedure. If you are in the Crown Court, a person's guilt is decided by a jury. The prosecution will present evidence and the defence will challenge that evidence/present their own evidence. Then a jury will decide. If it is the magistrates' court, then there are three judges 'magistrates' who will decide instead of a jury.
That's a really basic view. There's enough there for you to research further