ALevel geography questionWatch
Assess the statement “ Disasters do not just happen, they result from failures of development, which increase vulnerability to hazard events.” (12 marks)
I would talk about the Disaster Risk-Poverty Nexus and how disasters have a proportionate impact on the poor, particularly in developing countries with high morality and economic loss risks.
Disaster definition (in introduction/at beginning)
Countries with small and vulnerable economies, due to: small populations, remoteness, susceptibility to natural disasters, dependence in international trade, vulnerability to global development (Antigua, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Guinea Bissau, Cyprus, Haiti, Jamaica, Malta, Dominica etc.)
Factors contributing to vulnerability: poor placement of settlements, structures not resistant to ground motion, lack of access to information about earthquake risks.
Adverse effects: Physical damage, casualties, longer term public health problems, water supply problems, lack of food/medical care, damage to local/regional economy.
You could talk about how earthquakes themselves tend not to kill many people, it is the effects of the earthquakes, such as buildings collapsing on people, that causes the most casualties.
Hope this helps and is what you were looking for