(need help answering this question as part of my essay)
There are two roles for adults:
instrumental - provides for the family source of authority , traditionally carried out by the male
Expressive- more focused on compassion and the emotional caring of the child, usually carried out by the female and would be more involved with play.
Also, the family is referred to as the agent of primary socialisation - the process by which we learn the norms,mores, values and beliefs of our culture- therefore, this could potentially be included as another role of parents
(pretty much stereotypical but more often than not the case, but changing due to the demographic change of family structures e.g more gay couples emerging due to rights)
And in relation to the importance of play, sociologists suggest that children are socialised/manipulated into their gender through play. For example, boys are more likely to get mathematical or scientific toys/stimulus like computers whilst girls are more likely to get domestic-based toys/stimulus. This has a tremendous effect on the child as gender socialisation (canalisation) has been proven - by Sue Sharpe- to influence subject choices later on in life. For instance, boys are more likely to choose and dominate engineering classes.
Doubt you’ll have to include a lot -if any- of this thought it would be better to have too much rather than too little 👍 any questions just ask
Ps: if I gave the answer you weren’t looking for whoops my bad sorry 😂
really appreciate it