Psychopathology Exam question

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anonymousayyyy
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#1
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Sammy has a phobia of birds. This started when he was three years old. A seagull frightened him when it swooped down and stole his sandwich as he was eating it. Sammy is now eight years old. He is scared when walking to school and is so afraid of birds that he will not play outside. Use your knowledge of the behavioural explanation of phobias to outline how Sammy’s phobia might have developed and how it is maintained. [4 marks]

Could someone help me answer this exam question?
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username2646039
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I’ve got no clue in the subject sorry but I’ll give it a try just for you!

I’m guessing Sammy had a traumatising experience when he was younger due to him felt like he was attacked when the bird stole his sandwich and that permanently scared him so he automatically assumes all birds are the same which is why walking to school and playing outside may be a difficulty especially when a bird is in his sight as the memory of what happened has drilled it self into him, which he doesn’t want to experience that again


Gimme my A*
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Noodlzzz
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https://www.tutor2u.net/psychology/r...-process-model

should be helpful, let me know if I can clarify anything
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Claisen
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Classically conditioned to begin with.
There is a phobia circle, I can't remember it. He sees the bird, feels anxiety, seeks to avoid the stimulus (bird) by staying inside, and feels an emotional relief (reward for avoiding the stimulus). Operant conditions reinforce the initial classical conditioning.

Answer above isn't technical enough for marks. You need to link to the theories of psychology. Try and include researcher name / date.
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anonymousayyyy
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(Original post by Mapleservers)
I’ve got no clue in the subject sorry but I’ll give it a try just for you!

I’m guessing Sammy had a traumatising experience when he was younger due to him felt like he was attacked when the bird stole his sandwich and that permanently scared him so he automatically assumes all birds are the same which is why walking to school and playing outside may be a difficulty especially when a bird is in his sight as the memory of what happened has drilled it self into him, which he doesn’t want to experience that again


Gimme my A*
haha, good considering you have no clue on the subject! but I have to involve conditioned stimuli and unconditioned stimuli etc. However I will combine some of your notes. Thank you!
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Ameba
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(Original post by anonymousayyyy)
Sammy has a phobia of birds. This started when he was three years old. A seagull frightened him when it swooped down and stole his sandwich as he was eating it. Sammy is now eight years old. He is scared when walking to school and is so afraid of birds that he will not play outside. Use your knowledge of the behavioural explanation of phobias to outline how Sammy’s phobia might have developed and how it is maintained. [4 marks]

Could someone help me answer this exam question?
So the bird is the neutral stimulus. The unconditioned response is fear. When combining those two together, the bird becomes the conditioned stimulus and his conditioned response is fear
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Smile135
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#7
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(Original post by anonymousayyyy)
Sammy has a phobia of birds. This started when he was three years old. A seagull frightened him when it swooped down and stole his sandwich as he was eating it. Sammy is now eight years old. He is scared when walking to school and is so afraid of birds that he will not play outside. Use your knowledge of the behavioural explanation of phobias to outline how Sammy’s phobia might have developed and how it is maintained. [4 marks]

Could someone help me answer this exam question?
You have to mention classical conditioning and apply this to Sammy and also talk about generalising it to other birds and mention avoidance.

So the seagull was initially the neutral stimulus until it stole Sammy's sandwich which evoked a fear response in Sammy as the 'seagull frightened him.' Sammy associated this negative feeling of fright with the seagull so the seagull became a conditioned stimulus. Sammy also generalises this feeling to other birds as they are similar to seagulls therefore other birds become a conditioned stimulus and fear is the conditioned response. Sammy feels relief when he shows avoidance to all birds as believes he can avoid this negative feeling of fright.

Hope this helps
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