Angel4life
Badges: 7
Rep:
?
#1
Report Thread starter 3 months ago
#1
CAN SOMEONE MARK THIS PLEASE OUT OF 20

Are children controlled by adults?
Childhood is a social construct meaning it is created by society rather than being a biological stage this is because different societies have different historical eras and therefore ideas on childhood and the treatment of children. More westernised societies display a march of progress view as children should be treated separately from adults due to there lack of maturity and cognitive development, so must be protected. However, child liberationists argue adults control children due to the influence of many factors e.g social class and gender.

Children are controlled by adults both physically and emotionally this is prevalent in the patriarchal nuclear family and in many communities outside of the UK. This is because power is given to those who earn the most in the family therefore the decision of the child’s life course is in the hands of the breadwinner which is traditionally male-dominated. Gittens argues age patriarchy as adults view themselves higher in the hierarchy of age statuses compared to children. According to Hillmen boys are given more freedom by adults in families compared to girls and are able to scathe through their sins unpunished. An example includes the indigenous group called the Ewe in West Africa who practised trokosi in which head of the family gives away girls as young as 7 to pay for the sins committed by the male members of the family e.g adultery. This shows the power adults have in deciding the future of girls as once sent away they were sent to the shrine isolated from the outside world unbeknownst to them why they were sent in the first place. This makes there childhood very alone and isolated. Therefore childhood is controlled by adults as they hold the main power of decision making in the family as they are older its not traditionally a popular view to take on child opinion as they are psychologically immature and therefore unable to properly assess and know what’s best in the situation. However, children are not completely powerless as the introduction of the children acts lead to the growth of rights of children defining parents as having responsibility rather than rights.

Child liberationists argue children are under adult control as Firestone and Holt emphasise adults control children space e.g children are told to play in some areas, time e.g what time they wake up, housework, neglect and abuse as childline have 200,000 calls a year and bodies as parents control where children are allowed to touch themselves. This contrasts with the sexual freedoms enjoyed by the non-industrial communities in the Trobriand lands as adults have a more tolerant attitude towards children’s sexual advances as finding it quite amusing. This shows a child’s experiences in childhood is controlled by parents Brannen also argues girls freedoms are restricted and they often come home early to help mothers with housework after school and cook under the pretence of being a good wife. This shows families oppress and exploit a woman as girls are given no choice in marriage e.g often arranged in Asian families in accordance with the status. This also puts stress on children emotionally as children are put into submission by father out of fear of mother bearing the brunt of there disobedience. ¼ young adults were maltreated in childhood. However, as society has become more child-centred the introduction of the child protection act of 1889 to protect them from neglect and abuse to ultimately protect their innocence.

On the other hand, western ideas on the concept of childhood are spreading to other cultures as children as seen as physically and psychologically immature therefore are in need for a period of nurturing before going into the adult world. They hold a march of progress view as through the introduction of laws such as the child labour act in 1938 which restricts children from going into paid employment and being exploited in the workplace although internationally estimated 200,000 child labourers employers often take advantage of the vulnerability of children paying them low and feeble wages knowing the fact that they are less likely to retort out of fear of losing the little income they are earning to feed there younger siblings and family. This is prevalent in poor countries such as Peru. Also, Opie argues children’s culture and innocence is preserved and protected because of the production of toys to make it carefree. However, children in Uganda don’t have that privilege as 300,000 were made to become soldiers because of the war whilst younger children were used as minesweepers or spies for kamikaze attacks.

Also, children are protected by adults not controlled as society has become more child-centred in the 20th century. In the 13th century, Aries argues children were seen as mini-adults as there was no difference between adults and children. They wore the same clothing, worked and were judged by the same laws as in the eyes of the laws 7-8 yr olds were seen as criminally responsible. During the period society did not view children as objects of love or in need of protection this was because of high infant mortality rates which meant it was not uncommon to have large family sizes in order to bring in more income, children were viewed as an economic asset. Although there have been changes over the centuries as within the 18th-century books on child-bearing were made showing a growing sign of child-centredness. However, this was mainly for m/c because they were not limited by material deprivation. In today’s society children are viewed as valuable and vulnerable in need of adult protection this is due to the changes in law e.g compulsory education act 1965 all children are given an equal opportunity for education and family sizes are much smaller because of medical advancements which have reduced infant mortality. Having smaller families gives parents the opportunity to spoil a child with luxuries and all give children all of there attention this is because they are emotionally priceless.

Also, children often oppressed in the life stage as they are also affected by the class which limits the resources available for child’s future as Pilcher argues the separateness as they are limited in what they can do and achieve because of there age. As a study of 11,000 seven-year-old children found that those with parents in professional and managerial jobs were at least eight months ahead of pupils from the most socially disadvantaged homes. This is because of the restricted speech code used at homes argued by Bereiter and Engelman which is not endorsed by the language used in schools which is the elaborated code which puts w/c pupils at a disadvantage. Hockey and James argue that children respond to this by either acting up including drugs and adult clothing, therefore, creating new identities such as the hyper heterosexual feminine identity to gain status from friends or acting down responding immaturely and acting like babies to escape. This shows adults do not have full mental control of child’s priorities and responses to different situations as some may choose to give up due to there w/c habitus creating a self-fulfilling prophecy of underachievement. Therefore adults do not control children as although their income limits what they want to do in the future they cannot control there outlook and how they take on the challenge to succeed. However, children are not completely powerless as the introduction of the children acts lead to the growth of rights of children defining parents as having responsibility rather than rights.

To conclude Gittens argues children are controlled by adults because of age patriarchy as adults value their own opinion and those who are older are viewed with higher importance and have more influence in decisions than younger. However, society has changed as Shorter argues the 20th century is the year of the child families are becoming more child-centred. Overall whether children are controlled or protected by adults is dependant on the perspective one agrees with.
0
reply
A*Student2017
Badges: 10
Rep:
?
#2
Report 3 months ago
#2
(Original post by Angel4life)
CAN SOMEONE MARK THIS PLEASE OUT OF 20

Are children controlled by adults?
Childhood is a social construct meaning it is created by society rather than being a biological stage this is because different societies have different historical eras and therefore ideas on childhood and the treatment of children. More westernised societies display a march of progress view as children should be treated separately from adults due to there lack of maturity and cognitive development, so must be protected. However, child liberationists argue adults control children due to the influence of many factors e.g social class and gender.

Children are controlled by adults both physically and emotionally this is prevalent in the patriarchal nuclear family and in many communities outside of the UK. This is because power is given to those who earn the most in the family therefore the decision of the child’s life course is in the hands of the breadwinner which is traditionally male-dominated. Gittens argues age patriarchy as adults view themselves higher in the hierarchy of age statuses compared to children. According to Hillmen boys are given more freedom by adults in families compared to girls and are able to scathe through their sins unpunished. An example includes the indigenous group called the Ewe in West Africa who practised trokosi in which head of the family gives away girls as young as 7 to pay for the sins committed by the male members of the family e.g adultery. This shows the power adults have in deciding the future of girls as once sent away they were sent to the shrine isolated from the outside world unbeknownst to them why they were sent in the first place. This makes there childhood very alone and isolated. Therefore childhood is controlled by adults as they hold the main power of decision making in the family as they are older its not traditionally a popular view to take on child opinion as they are psychologically immature and therefore unable to properly assess and know what’s best in the situation. However, children are not completely powerless as the introduction of the children acts lead to the growth of rights of children defining parents as having responsibility rather than rights.

Child liberationists argue children are under adult control as Firestone and Holt emphasise adults control children space e.g children are told to play in some areas, time e.g what time they wake up, housework, neglect and abuse as childline have 200,000 calls a year and bodies as parents control where children are allowed to touch themselves. This contrasts with the sexual freedoms enjoyed by the non-industrial communities in the Trobriand lands as adults have a more tolerant attitude towards children’s sexual advances as finding it quite amusing. This shows a child’s experiences in childhood is controlled by parents Brannen also argues girls freedoms are restricted and they often come home early to help mothers with housework after school and cook under the pretence of being a good wife. This shows families oppress and exploit a woman as girls are given no choice in marriage e.g often arranged in Asian families in accordance with the status. This also puts stress on children emotionally as children are put into submission by father out of fear of mother bearing the brunt of there disobedience. ¼ young adults were maltreated in childhood. However, as society has become more child-centred the introduction of the child protection act of 1889 to protect them from neglect and abuse to ultimately protect their innocence.

On the other hand, western ideas on the concept of childhood are spreading to other cultures as children as seen as physically and psychologically immature therefore are in need for a period of nurturing before going into the adult world. They hold a march of progress view as through the introduction of laws such as the child labour act in 1938 which restricts children from going into paid employment and being exploited in the workplace although internationally estimated 200,000 child labourers employers often take advantage of the vulnerability of children paying them low and feeble wages knowing the fact that they are less likely to retort out of fear of losing the little income they are earning to feed there younger siblings and family. This is prevalent in poor countries such as Peru. Also, Opie argues children’s culture and innocence is preserved and protected because of the production of toys to make it carefree. However, children in Uganda don’t have that privilege as 300,000 were made to become soldiers because of the war whilst younger children were used as minesweepers or spies for kamikaze attacks.

Also, children are protected by adults not controlled as society has become more child-centred in the 20th century. In the 13th century, Aries argues children were seen as mini-adults as there was no difference between adults and children. They wore the same clothing, worked and were judged by the same laws as in the eyes of the laws 7-8 yr olds were seen as criminally responsible. During the period society did not view children as objects of love or in need of protection this was because of high infant mortality rates which meant it was not uncommon to have large family sizes in order to bring in more income, children were viewed as an economic asset. Although there have been changes over the centuries as within the 18th-century books on child-bearing were made showing a growing sign of child-centredness. However, this was mainly for m/c because they were not limited by material deprivation. In today’s society children are viewed as valuable and vulnerable in need of adult protection this is due to the changes in law e.g compulsory education act 1965 all children are given an equal opportunity for education and family sizes are much smaller because of medical advancements which have reduced infant mortality. Having smaller families gives parents the opportunity to spoil a child with luxuries and all give children all of there attention this is because they are emotionally priceless.

Also, children often oppressed in the life stage as they are also affected by the class which limits the resources available for child’s future as Pilcher argues the separateness as they are limited in what they can do and achieve because of there age. As a study of 11,000 seven-year-old children found that those with parents in professional and managerial jobs were at least eight months ahead of pupils from the most socially disadvantaged homes. This is because of the restricted speech code used at homes argued by Bereiter and Engelman which is not endorsed by the language used in schools which is the elaborated code which puts w/c pupils at a disadvantage. Hockey and James argue that children respond to this by either acting up including drugs and adult clothing, therefore, creating new identities such as the hyper heterosexual feminine identity to gain status from friends or acting down responding immaturely and acting like babies to escape. This shows adults do not have full mental control of child’s priorities and responses to different situations as some may choose to give up due to there w/c habitus creating a self-fulfilling prophecy of underachievement. Therefore adults do not control children as although their income limits what they want to do in the future they cannot control there outlook and how they take on the challenge to succeed. However, children are not completely powerless as the introduction of the children acts lead to the growth of rights of children defining parents as having responsibility rather than rights.

To conclude Gittens argues children are controlled by adults because of age patriarchy as adults value their own opinion and those who are older are viewed with higher importance and have more influence in decisions than younger. However, society has changed as Shorter argues the 20th century is the year of the child families are becoming more child-centred. Overall whether children are controlled or protected by adults is dependant on the perspective one agrees with.
I've not done sociology since last year but this looks a good solid 15/20 in my eyes tbh. Although, your structure is confusing like in one of your paras you evaluate within the same paragraph (Good AO3 )But, in others you just go in decent level of detail. Be careful on spelling.... Also, in some parts e.g. second to last paragraph, you seem to put a scattergun of points (in my opinion anyways). If you need anything hmu - I don't mind sending my plan for this essay (which i used last year)
0
reply
Angel4life
Badges: 7
Rep:
?
#3
Report Thread starter 1 month ago
#3
(Original post by A*Student2017)
I've not done sociology since last year but this looks a good solid 15/20 in my eyes tbh. Although, your structure is confusing like in one of your paras you evaluate within the same paragraph (Good AO3 )But, in others you just go in decent level of detail. Be careful on spelling.... Also, in some parts e.g. second to last paragraph, you seem to put a scattergun of points (in my opinion anyways). If you need anything hmu - I don't mind sending my plan for this essay (which i used last year)
omg please if you have insta can you just send me a pic of your sociology essay plans thank you for taking the time to read it
0
reply
X

Quick Reply

Attached files
Write a reply...
Reply
new posts
Back
to top
Latest
My Feed

See more of what you like on
The Student Room

You can personalise what you see on TSR. Tell us a little about yourself to get started.

Personalise

Are you travelling in the Uni student travel window (3-9 Dec) to go home for Christmas?

Yes (58)
28.86%
No - I have already returned home (24)
11.94%
No - I plan on travelling outside these dates (46)
22.89%
No - I'm staying at my term time address over Christmas (20)
9.95%
No - I live at home during term anyway (53)
26.37%

Watched Threads

View All