BTEC H/S Care Unit 4: Enquiries into Current Research in Health and Social Care

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Keri00Summers
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(Original post by Starlight15)
For this unit there’s a Part A and Part B, teachers will be giving you the part A assessment like this 4 weeks before you are given Part B which is done in exam conditions.

PART A
In the given time you are provided for Part A, you will need to choose one of the two articles that will be given to you by your teachers

Either
  • An article about current health issue (i.e. coronavirus, SARS, Ebola, heart disease, lung cancer, and chronic lower respiratory diseases etc.)
  • An article about current social care issue (aging population, debates about vaccinations, growing population, wating times in the NHS, UK government spending on the NHS, lack of staff in the healthcare sector, many people leaving the healthcare sector, funding towards NHS staff etc.)

Once you have chosen the one article, all your efforts in Part A should relate to only that article that you’ve chosen and spend time reading understanding and highlighting the two articles.

From the article that you’ve chosen you need to find secondary sources relating to the article that you’ve chosen (Though there’s no limit on how many secondary sources you can used, however, the reference list needs to be written within the 4 sides of A4 notes)

Make sure you allocate time towards the end of Part A to prepare the notes that you will be allowed to take into the assessment room where you will sit the Part B written assessment (note: your notes should only be 4 sides of A4 paper long and has to be in 12 point font)

Your notes should only be about
  • Facts, figures and data relating to secondary sources covering the article’s area of research
  • The research methods used in the learner’s own secondary research

Summary:
  • Choose one of the two articles that your tutors will provide you with, either an article about a current health issue or an article about a current social care issue
  • After choosing one article make sure you understand it by reading it through again and again, to highlighting it
  • Once you understood the article find other sources relating to the article which are current within the last 5 years (this is called secondary sources)
  • These secondary sources are used for comparing and contrasting the main article with secondary sources (or even comparing two secondary sources
  • There’s no limit to how many secondary sources you can used however, when you make your own references it needs to be within four sides of A4
  • You don’t need to print your main article as it will be there in Part B
  • You can’t print your secondary sources and bring it with you to your supervised assessment


So, to prepare for part B you should have:
  • Four sides of A4 four your notes (size 12 point on Microsoft word, google docs etc. it can also be handwritten)
  • Four sides of A4 for you reference list of secondary sources (There is no requirement for Harvard referencing in your sources, you can just list different links)

Make sure you’re familiar with these different terminology in research and what it means

Keywords in Research
  • Ethics
  • Bias
  • Pilot study
  • Secondary Sources
  • Secondary research
  • Qualitative Research
  • Quantitative Research
  • Limitations
  • Validity
  • Reliability

Types of Research Methods
  • Surveys (Quantitative)
  • Interviews (Qualitative)
  • Focus Groups (Qualitative)
  • Experiments (Quantitative)
  • Mixed Methods (Qualitative and Quantitative)
  • Questionnaire (Quantitative)
  • Secondary Data Analysis (Both)
  • Case Study (Both)
  • Observations (Participant and non-participant)
  • Longitudinal Studies (Both)
  • Primary Data (Both)

PART B

You will complete part B in exam conditions for 3 hours


In Part B, you are required to use your understanding of research methods, your chosen article relating to current health issues or current social care issues and using your own skills in carrying out secondary research around your chosen article.

There will be 4 activities in each article that you need to complete (only one) with each activity costing:


  • Activity 1 = 15 Marks
  • Activity 2 = 15 Marks
  • Activity 3 = 20 Marks
  • Activity 4 = 15 Marks

Make sure you choose either the first article or the second article DON’T complete both article one or article 2 or else you’ll be doing 8 activities (it’s not worth it as you only have 3 hours)

Some of the activities might have sub questions such as a), b), c) it’s very rare that you would see more than three

Make sure you spend the first 10 minutes reading each activity and understanding it by highlighting key words and if you have finish to check each activity that you answer ALL four activities on ONE article

For activity 1, 2 and 4, I recommend (since you only have 2 pages, though you can request for more) to do 2 to 3 paragraphs of PEEL with a conclusion (introduction is not needed or a least make the introduction a sentence long)

For activity 3 I recommed to do 3 to 4 paragrahs of PEEL since it costs 20 Marks with a conlclusion (no introduction needed or make the introduction a sentence long) and spend more time on this question (or even you can do this question first).


One of the main things you need to get higher marks is that you should always demonstrate your analytical and evaluative skills to each activity, so always comparing your article to your secondary sources:
  • Saying whether the main article is reliable
  • Who was the authors? Do they have an history of education around this specific field
  • The year that it was made, whether of not their data is true
  • Is it valid
  • Should they use a different research method
  • Justifying why you think that way i.e. they should have used in the main article questionnaires instead of interviews BECAUSE it’s less time consuming and you get more samples), see how I added because? This is called justifying

Words/sentences used for comparing
  • But
  • However
  • Moreover
  • On the other hand
  • Also
  • This (Article here) supports (secondary source here) as they both.....
  • This (Article here) disagrees with (secondary sources here) as they....
  • This data in the (article here) is back up by (enter secondary source(s) here) as....
  • Similar to...
  • Likewise

In the next page, I will explain each activity mark schemes (note: even though each activities might be different from the sctivities below, note that the mark scheme for each activity still remains the same, thus applies to all questions)

FAQs on UNIT 4 by Person
Student Guide on Unit 4 by Person
Sample of Unit 4 Paper (Part A and B)
Sample of Part A

List of BTEC Nationals Health and Social Care Work Explained:
Unit 5: Meeting Individual Care and Support Needs Work Explained
Unit 7: Principles of Safe Practice in Health and Social Care
Unit 8: Promoting Public Health Work Explained
Unit 12: Supporting Individuals with Additional Needs Work Explained

Hope this helps x

Feel free to PM me if you need support
hi sorry to bother you - is it okay for you to do the social section as well

also what section did you do for the exam? my teacher said the social section is alot easier to do
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Starlight15
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(Original post by Keri00Summers)
hi sorry to bother you - is it okay for you to do the social section as well

also what section did you do for the exam? my teacher said the social section is alot easier to do
Alright I'll do the social one
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Starlight15
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SECTION 2: Social Care Research - Activity One

To follow, click here to page 36

Question 1:
How have different methods of research been used in this article to find out about initiatives that help people with disabilities to gain paid employment?

In your answer you should include reference to:
  • The different research methods referred to in the article
  • The potential sources of bias in the data collected


Band 4 (13 to 15 Marks)
  • Research methods referred to in the article are explained, demonstrating a thorough understanding of data usage and response includes fully supported evaluative judgements on suitability
  • Conclusions on suitability of research methods are offered and fully supported, demonstrating a thorough understanding of the concept in the context of the methods used


To get a Band 4, what you need to do is to explain the research methods used in the article (this is demonstrating thorough understanding of data usage), and your reponse need be fully supported by your article and your secondary sources you need to do this by comparing your research article with your secondary data and discuss whether the articles research methods were suitable for the topic of the article or whether they should use another research method or used quantitative or qualitative data instead. Also in your conslusion you sould talk about the suitabllity of the research methods of the artivle meaning that you should conclude on wether the article's reserach method was suitable to the topic and what they should improve on and provide recommendations

In the answer you should talk about all the research methods that the article used and whether is qualitative or quantative and talk about any bias that could or has arised in collecting data (i.e. knowing the participates personally caould hinder the results)

Also talk about:
  • The author, who was the one who conducted the research and what was their educational background? (i.e. having a phD or an expert in that field)
  • Their sample sizes how many people were involved in this research?
  • Was their research method sutable for their topic? What research method should they use instead?
  • Compare the article to your secondary sources, is your article more reliable or less reliable? Or more valid or less valid
  • What were the pros and cons or each research method that the article used?
  • What did your secondary sources do that the article did not? (i.e. did they explain what location they were focusing on, was they ssample size more diverse)
  • Did your article explain their limiations or ethics?
  • Did your article take consideration into the participants age, gender, race, ethnicity, social class to make it more generalisable?
  • In what way could the article be bais? Is your article more or less bias than your secondary sources
  • Explain the definitions of the different research method
  • The pros and cons of each research method
  • Compare the articles research methods to your secondary sources, did your secondary souces get a more accurate result than you article or vice versa
  • Provide improvments and recommendations on what research methods the article should use instead (or was the research method reliable and valid)
  • Was the research article written in an understandable way for the general public? Compare it to your secondary sources
  • Look at the year this research was conducted, is it relatable today? Compare it to your secondary sources
  • Have the article explained why they conducting those research methods? Compare to you secondary sources
  • Which organisations were involved with the research? Do those organisations make the research more/less valid or more/less reliable? Compare to your secondary sources

In your conclusion, talk about whether the research methods was helpful in to finding out about waysto help people with disabilities to gain paid employment, discuss whether you think this research whould get the same result in Scotland, Wales, England, Northern Ireland, would this data be appiled to diabled people with higher income, or certain race or ethnicities?
Last edited by Starlight15; 1 week ago
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Starlight15
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SECTION 2: Social Care Research - Activity Two

To follow click here to page 38

Question 2:
The study in the article aims to improve the commissioning and delivery of employment support for disabled people. What has your own research led you to understand about the importance of supporting disabled people to find paid employment?

In your response you should show how your secondary research relates to the issue in the article

Band 4 (13 to 15 Marks)
  • Analyses the issue (which is the importance of supporting disabled people to find paid employment), leading to conclusions about the issue’s importance. Provides relevant examples (in your secondary sources and articles) of how the issue affects individuals and/or professionals and/or the wider society, which are fully supported by research findings

To get a band 4, you need to explain why it is important for people to support disabled people in finding paid employment by support your point using the article and your secondary sources (i.e. it's important for people to support disabled people in finding paid employment as according to (insert secondary source) 78% of didabled people in UK struggle to find jobs), provide 3 to 4 reasons. Then explain how disabled people not finding paid jobs can affect the individual (physically, intellectually, emotionally, socially), how it affects professionals (i.e. more money towards metal health nurses) and how it affects society and you should back your claims with data the you discovered in the article and secondary sources

  • Secondary research findings and their relationship to the issue in the article are explained; demonstrates a thorough understanding of the relationship between the two


For this, you need to make sure that when you give your research findings from your secondary sources or your article you need to explain how it connects to why it is important for people to support disabled people in finding paid employment (This is demonstrating you understanding of the reationship between your secondary sources and article to the issue of why it is important for people to support disabled people in finding paid employment)

In your conlclusion, explain how your own research has led you to understand about the why it is important to support disabled people to find paid employment by summarising you points with data you have discovered in your secondary sources and your article
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Starlight15
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SECTION 2: Social Care Research - Activity Three

To follow, click here on page 40

Question 3:

How can this research help social care professionals to support people with
disabilities to gain paid employment?

In your answer you should refer to the article and to your own secondary research.

Band 4 (16 to 20 Marks)

  • Implications of the research for provision/practice in the sector are analysed and explained systematically
  • Implications referred to demonstrate a thorough understanding of the issue and its context in the article and wider research; likely to include recommendations for change which are justified
  • Rationale for implications always offered and fully supported

For this part, talk about how this article can change how social care professionals support people with disabilities to gain paid employment and the provisons they might do to support disabled people (for example, linking data that the article and secondary sources discovered on effective ways that disabled people can get into employment) and in your conclusion provide recommendations based on the data in your article and secondary sources on what they sould inplement and why. Make sure your reasons for these recommendations are always backed up by your secondary sources and your article

List of social care professions:
Social worker
Mental Health Nurse
Complementary therapist
Counsellor
Care Worker
Personal assistant
Activities worker
Advocacy worker
Shared lives carer
Rehabilitation worker
Employment advisor
Welfare rights officer
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Starlight15
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SECTION 2: Social Care Research - Activity Four

To follow click here, go to page 42

Question 4:
Sarah is responsible for commissioning services for disabled people. She wants to carry out research on the types of job that disabled people in receipt of employment support have, and how long they retain jobs for. Sarah is going to carry out interviews with ten people from her own organisation and send a questionnaire to one other organisation to carry out this research. What should Sarah consider when planning this research?

You should include judgements on:
  • The ethical issues to be considered
  • The research methods to be used and the objectives of the research

Band 4 (13 to 15 Marks)
  • Provides rationalised consideration of suggested research methods and improvements/changes that could be made, demonstrating a thorough understanding of method effectiveness/suitability
  • Response demonstrates thorough analytical approach. Coverage of planning considerations, ethical issues and necessary research skills required to explore the issue demonstrates a thorough understanding of practical problems of conducting research in the context, addressed in a logical sustained systematic way
  • Judgements on importance of considerations are fully supported

For how to develop your answers go here even though the question is different you answer it the same way as the link I provided for you
Last edited by Starlight15; 1 week ago
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Keri00Summers
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thank you so much and i'm sorry for making you do this much work
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Starlight15
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(Original post by Keri00Summers)
thank you so much and i'm sorry for making you do this much work
Don't worry it's okay
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