psychology - social influence - asch experimentWatch
lots of good evaluation points here.
a plan doesn't need to be super thorough, just easy key points to learn. outline the experiment with a decent degree of detail but don't heavily describe as it asks for outline. could bullet point evaluative points ie. perrin and spencer (1980): 1 uk student conformed out of 396 trials, going against asch's findings.
can anyone help me form a plan for a 12 marker for the question “explain and evaluate asch experiment on conformity” my teacher is useless and won’t really help us - anything would help!! even an prepared answer
So, let's begin with AO1 (first paragraph)
1) Briefly outline the procedure of Asch's study.
2) State the findings- 12 of the critical trials the conformity rate was 33%
3) Variables affecting conformity: group size (increases in group size did increase levels of conformity- indicates size of majority is only important up to a certain point), unanimity of the majority (when lone participant given a confederate who gave right answer- conformity levels dropped), difficulty of task (more difficult task- higher conformity)
Then AO3 (second, third and fourth paragraph)- here are a couple of ideas of what you could talk about - remember you only need 3!
1) Child of its time- his study took place in a particular period of US history where conformity was important (McCarthyism- people were scared to go against the majority)- when the study was repeated alter by Perrin and Spencer they only got one conforming response.
2) Problems with determining effects of group size- Bond pointed out that most studies only used a limited range of majority sizes- Asch concluded that a majority size of three was sufficient for maximal influence so subsequent studies used three- but other than Asch no one used a majority size group than 9- so we don't know much about the effects of larger majority sizes
3) Unconvincing confederates? Would be difficult for confederates to be convincing when giving wrong answers- so validity is questionable. Mori and Arai- glasses with special polarising filters
4) Cultural differences in conformity- Smith et al. found conformity was higher in individualist cultures than collectivist. Why? In collectivist, t is seen as favourable to conform- 'social glue' binds communities together
When you write your evaluation points, follow this structure:
1) Point- One strength... One limitation...
2) Evidence- Studies
3) Explanation- Why does this limit or strengthen or solve the problem of Asch's study
4) Link- Relate back to question
In between your eval paragraphs use words like On the other hand, a strength of Asch's study is...
Hope this helps