Can you have coronavirus permanently?Watch
As far as I know there is no evidence for this being the case, the basic characteristics of the virus shouldn't allow that to happen in anybody with a healthy immune system. One of the main reasons HIV remains in the body is because it is constantly undergoing rapid mutation and the immune system simply can't keep up with these changes, it will also attach itself to certain types of immune cells, meaning the immune system is effectively tricked into attacking itself. Neither of these traits is true of Coronavirus.
The consequences of severe covid, for example the kidney failure and lung scarring, can of course be permanent though.