Choose either an earthquake or a volcanic eruption.
Assess the extent to which primary effects are more significant than secondary effects. Use Figure 5a or 5b and an example you have studied.
Chosen tectonic hazard:
[9 marks] [+ 3 SPaG marks]
Both primary and secondary effects are significant and catastrophic, however to a certain extent primary is much more significant than secondary effect, in a country called Kashmir Pakistan. In Pakistan Kashmir, around 80000 death occurred with most of the death related to collapsed infrastructure and falling debris’s. Tens and thousands of people were injured. Around 3 million people were made homeless and on top of that water supplies and electricity lines were broken reducing supplies and communication network. All of these happen straight after the disaster. However secondary effect is still significant but not much as primary effect as primary caused more casualties straight after the earthquake. As secondary effect freezing winter conditions were approaching shortly after the earthquake which caused more casualties which also meant rescue and rebuild operation were difficult like the photo in figure 5a. Destroyed and crumbled building meant that roads and pathways was blocked meaning emergency services and help rescue teams found it difficult. So in conclusion both primary and secondary effects are devastating and significant, however primary effect is much significant as it happened all of a sudden without any warning.