Hafiza.Hasan
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Hello, my son is currently in his final year at uni studying mechanical engineering, just wanted to ask what jobs do people normally apply for once they graduate.
Also what is the hierarchy within the engineering field? what jobs should he apply for whilst looking for training opportunities?
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Surf
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Graduate schemes are best for training opportunities for those fresh out of uni. I warn you now that your son should apply asap if he hasn't already. Mech Eng graduate schemes at prestigious companies are heavily oversubscribed (100s of applications for a few open roles).

Entry level jobs are also available, although typically at smaller companies (which can be great depending on the culture, but can also be a living hell if run poorly). These jobs tend to be lower paid and while bigger companies may advertise these vacancies - they usually require relevant work experience in a similar field to the one you are applying to.

If you do manage to get onto a rotational grad scheme (6 month rotations for a total of 2 years) you then choose which field you would like to become a specialist in.

In terms of hierarchy, I can speak from a systems engineering perspective. It typically goes: grad systems engineer, systems engineer, senior systems engineer, principal systems engineer, and then to the ranks of chief engineer (who are on around 80k + as a general rule of thumb).
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alex282
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Firstly engineering is a great degree to get and much more employable than other fields, so it's a very good start. The bad points are mentioned above, the graduate schemes at big companies are getting more and more competitive whilst the jobs at smaller companies can be pretty poor.

I graduated in electrical engineering and have had some experience in both. At the small company it was a bad experience:

• Pay was basically minimum wage.
• Little to no training, guidance or progression because other engineers are doing their own work.
• Stuck at the same desk all week, no one else my age to talk to just bitter older guys that didn't have a life and were happy to work unpaid overtime.

Also the area you live in can make a big difference, I was in a rural area so it was harder for me to find something. If you live in a city there will usually be a lot more opportunities. He should apply to as many jobs as possible with a good CV. Most people probably end up at a smaller company to start with and then this experience can be used to move up to a more decent one if it isn't. Ultimately having that degree also allows you to change careers or get alternative jobs easier than someone who doesn't
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(Original post by Hafiza.Hasan)
Hello, my son is currently in his final year at uni studying mechanical engineering, just wanted to ask what jobs do people normally apply for once they graduate.
Also what is the hierarchy within the engineering field? what jobs should he apply for whilst looking for training opportunities?
Most students will be applying for jobs before they graduate, as many companies advertise their positions for graduates well in advance of the start date (typically summer or autumn). It's common to start applying as early as September - for jobs with a start date as last as the September after.

In terms of jobs, look for positions with "graduate" or "graduate scheme/programme" in the title. "Junior" too, although that's possibly a bit less common these days. But anything that isn't a senior position could potentially accept graduates. A key indicator will be the job description: if it specifically asks or alludes to a requirement of several years of relevant experience, it's probably not aimed at graduates.

The hierarchy generally goes from engineering -> senior engineer-> principal engineer, with the first possibly having sub divisions like "graduate" or "junior". Some consultancies may use titles such as "consultant", "senior consultant", "principal consultant" etc.
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