A level History EssayWatch
The question is 'Using your understanding of the historical context, assess how convincing the arguments in these three extracts are in relation to the successfulness of the reign of Henry VII, 1485-1509.'
These are the extracts:
Extract A: Adapted from C. Pendrill, The Wars of the Roses and Henry VII: England 1459-1509, (2004), p. 200:
“… Henry VII was very fortunate to hold onto power and to hand the crown on to his son. Henry’s good fortune can be seen in winning the battles of Bosworth and Stoke; inheriting a nobility that was smaller and less powerful than it had been for a century or more; and inheriting a diplomatic situation where England’s main enemy, France, took a serious interest in Italy. Nonetheless, he did face serious threats at home and abroad which could have unseated his regime at any time in the first fourteen years of his reign. In the end, good fortune was more important than good government in keeping Henry VII on the throne!”
Extract B: Adapted from S. B. Chrimes, Henry VII, (1981), p. 320-321:
‘His reign was unspectacular and though full of surprising and striking events, not at any point sensational, glamorous or dramatic. But his service to the realm were immeasurable, far greater than he himself could have imagined por predicted. His regime produced a pacification, an orderliness, a cohesion, a viability in the forms and machinery of government, a sustained effectiveness without which the stability and consolidation could not have been obtained, and provided an indispensable standpoint for subsequent growth and flowering. It vindicated the achievements of the past, and provided potential for the fluorescence of the later Tudor period. It brought England on towards its ‘manifest destiny’ as Great Britain.
He brought pacification, albeit temporary, into relations with Scotland, the matrimonial alliance that was to usher in the formation of the greater kingdom.’
Extract C: Adapted from Susan Doran, England and Europe, 1485-1603, (1986):
‘Henry’s foreign policy failed in detail; neither the expedition to relieve Brittany, nor the attempts to isolate Ferdinand after 1507 were a success. His policy also proved expensive; between 1505 and 1509 he gave £342,000 in cash, plate or jewels to the Hapsburgs. Yet when Henry died, he left his country and dynasty internationally secure. There was no great threat of foreign military intervention in England’s internal affairs. Henry’s success can be judged by comparing his weakness in 1485 with his strength towards the end of his reign. This success was based on the firm foundation of domestic strength and realistic objectives in foreign policy.’
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