Hi, I'm doing a psych a level and just got research methods question asking what the IV and DV is of this study (below) could anyone help me out on identifying them I'm not really sure?
STUDY: Pelner et al (1989) wanted to see if children could see things from a different persons perspective. This fits with Piaget's ideas about egocentrism - which is the inability to see something from another persons point of view.
Autistic children were shown a smarties tube. The researcher opened the tube and tipped out the contents, out fell a pencil. Then another child entered the room and the autistic child was asked what the other child would think was in the tube.
Non autistic children over the age of 4 years gave the correct answer, smarties. However, 80% of the autistic children responded pencil, the incorrect answer.