Evaluation of two process model explaining phobiasWatch
AO3: Strength. Has research support. Little Albert study by Watson and Rayner. Showed how a Neutral Stimulus (A White rat) can become a Conditioned stimulus that can lead to a conditioned response (fear). However, this is only a case study so it may possibly lack generalisability, as well as having issues with temporal validity.
AO3: Weakness, it doesn't consider biological preparedness: because the behaviourist approach only takes into account learning through experience, it doesn't consider the fact that humans have an innate reaction to fear/avoid things that are potentially dangerous. For example, we fear things such as darkness, or snakes, because both of them can lead to danger. Another example is the fact that a lot of people fear sharks, even though they have never seen one, so therefore the behaviourist approach lacks a full understanding of phobias.
AO3: Strenth, has good practical application. Has lead to the treatments such as flooding, as the client has to be able to accept the fact that they must confront the feared object or thing. Behaviourist approach allowed us to realise that the patient has to reinforce safety to associate with the phobia to overcome it, therefore the behaviourist approach is good in the sense that it can help people to recover.
Hope these help, did them in revision today for a 16 marker