psychodynamic approach evaluationWatch
Belief that abnormal behaviour is developed through:
Unhealthy relationships with parents in childhood.
Traumatic experiences that may disrupt our relationships.
Early negative experiences that are stored in our unconscious mind.
Any unmet childhood needs and unsatisfied biological instincts.
Psycho dynamic psychologists believe that if children come fixated with one of the 5 stages of psycho sexual development (Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency, Genital), it can lead to mental illness in adulthood.
Case studies – the model uses case studies for research, which collect in-dept data and focus on the individual; therefore, the theory can be said to take into account individual differences and is valid.
Influential – the model is one of the most established because of the large amount research carried on it.
Not testable – the ‘unconscious’ is not real and does not have any scientific evidence for it, therefore the reliability of the theory is quite low.
Reductionist – the model does not take into account other factors such as emotions,biology or behaviours, which makes less valid.
Gender bias – the model has mainly been tested and focused on men, meaning that the research cannot be generalised to women.