# Mechanics- work energy principle and power

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#1
A golf ball of mass 45.9g is hit from a tee with speed 180km/h . The ball rises to a height of 20m, having traveled along a curved path of length 61.875m. At the highest point of its path the ball is travelling at 144km/h.
a) Find the magnitude of the avg resistance acting on the ball
I calculated this and got resistance = 0.2N

The ball travels a further 105.8m along a curved path to land on the green. The green is 4m lower than the tee. The average resistance remains unchanged.

b) find the speed of the ball just before it lands on the green
Iam getting the ans v= 36m/ s but the textbook ans is 35m/s
m= 0.0459kg, u= 40m/s, s= 105.8- 61.875=43.925m, v=?
Increase in KE = 0.02295v^2-36.72J
Increase in GPE= mgh =-1.836J
Work done against resistance =-8.785J
When I do total mechanical energy = total work done, I get v= 36m/s
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1 month ago
#2
(Original post by Shas72)
A golf ball of mass 45.9g is hit from a tee with speed 180km/h . The ball rises to a height of 20m, having traveled along a curved path of length 61.875m. At the highest point of its path the ball is travelling at 144km/h.
a) Find the magnitude of the avg resistance acting on the ball
I calculated this and got resistance = 0.2N

The ball travels a further 105.8m along a curved path to land on the green. The green is 4m lower than the tee. The average resistance remains unchanged.

b) find the speed of the ball just before it lands on the green
Iam getting the ans v= 36m/ s but the textbook ans is 35m/s
m= 0.0459kg, u= 40m/s, s= 105.8- 61.875=43.925m, v=?
Increase in KE = 0.02295v^2-36.72J
Increase in GPE= mgh =-1.836J
Work done against resistance =-8.785J
When I do total mechanical energy = total work done, I get v= 36m/s
It would help to see the full working, but for a) I get 0.188N which may account for the later "rounding error"?
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#3
(Original post by mqb2766)
It would help to see the full working, but for a) I get 0.188N which may account for the later "rounding error"?
The rounding to one decimal place is the ans in the textbook. That's the reason I wrote the resistance as 0.2N
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#4
(Original post by mqb2766)
It would help to see the full working, but for a) I get 0.188N which may account for the later "rounding error"?
I have posted the working for b
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1 month ago
#5
(Original post by Shas72)
The rounding to one decimal place is the ans in the textbook. That's the reason I wrote the resistance as 0.2N
Still help to see your working though. If you're rounding to 1 sig fig, its hard to worry about later answers which are out by 2 sig figs. Have you tried the more accuate resistance?
Last edited by mqb2766; 1 month ago
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#6
ok sure I will
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1 month ago
#7
Note I don't understand the s=43? The ball travels a further 105m, so if you're taking ti from the peak, s=105?
But I don't see how you've defined terms (full working).
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#8
so m= 0.0459 kg, u= 50m/s, h=20m, s=61.875m, v=144m/s
increase in KE= -20.655J
increase in GPE= mgh = 9.18J
workdone against resistance = -F×S= -61.875F
total mechanical energy = total work done
-20.655+9.18= -61.875F
F=0.185N
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#9
sorry v=40m/s
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1 month ago
#10
Guessing you;re taking g=10 rather than my 9.8? Pls upload the full working in one post preferably if you want it checked.
Last edited by mqb2766; 1 month ago
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#11
(Original post by mqb2766)
Guessing you;re taking g=10 rather than my 9.8? Pls upload the full working in one post preferably if you want it checked.
For q(b)
m=0.0459kg, u= 50m/s, v=?, resistance = 0.2N, s= 105.8m, h=20-4=16m
Increase in KE= 1/2mv^2-1/2mu^2=0.02295v^2-57.375 J
Increase in GPE= mgh= 7.344J
Work done against resistance = -F×S=-21.16J
Total mechanical energy = total work done
I get v= 35 m/s
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#12
(Original post by mqb2766)
Guessing you;re taking g=10 rather than my 9.8? Pls upload the full working in one post preferably if you want it checked.
Iam stuck with the next question (c)
The ball is travelling vertically when it lands on the green where it is immediately brought to rest.
c) show that the energy absorbed by the green is 30.3J
Can you pls help me with the solution and how to calculate
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1 month ago
#13
(Original post by Shas72)
Iam stuck with the next question (c)
The ball is travelling vertically when it lands on the green where it is immediately brought to rest.
c) show that the energy absorbed by the green is 30.3J
Can you pls help me with the solution and how to calculate
So when the ball comes to rest, what energy is lost by the ball?
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#14
mechanical energy
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1 month ago
#15
(Original post by Shas72)
mechanical energy
Sort of, but I don't know a formula for that. Can you be more specific?
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#16
(Original post by mqb2766)
So when the ball comes to rest, what energy is lost by the ball?
KE + GPE is lost by the ball
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1 month ago
#17
(Original post by Shas72)
KE + GPE is lost by the ball
Again sort of. You might want to sketch the scenario of the ball impacting with the green and think about how those terms are represented for an impact.

For part b), a sketch would come in handy (pls upload) to make sure the distances, height, signs are correct.
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#18
Iam not getting the ans
I took the KE just before it falls on the ground= -28.11J
final GPE before it falls= -1.836 J taking h=4m
work done against resistance = -0.2×4=-0.8J
so total comes to 30.7J lost by the ball gained by the green.
can you pls help if you can? I have no clue how to get the text book ans 30.3J. pls help
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1 month ago
#19
(Original post by Shas72)
Iam not getting the ans
I took the KE just before it falls on the ground= -28.11J
final GPE before it falls= -1.836 J taking h=4m
work done against resistance = -0.2×4=-0.8J
so total comes to 30.7J lost by the ball gained by the green.
can you pls help if you can? I have no clue how to get the text book ans 30.3J. pls help
As per previous post, can you upload your sketch with the values for the tee, highest point, green etc with the corresponding working You seek to be getting confused over which distance is which and how they're used. I simply don't undersstand your working enough.
Last edited by mqb2766; 1 month ago
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#20
I have understood the first and the second question. I don't know how to calculate the energy absorbed by the green . i haven't drawn diagram as I have taken upwards as gain in gpe and loss of KE, downwards there is gain in KE and loss of GPE, height upwards is positive and downwards is negative.
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