English - How to identify an assumption in the argument?

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BrightBlueStar11
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#1
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#1
anyone help me
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BrightBlueStar11
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#2
Report Thread starter 1 month ago
#2
yh but its quite difficult to find it when an argument is long, for example:

"Researchers have discovered the first physical evidence of structural brain differences that
distinguish early risers from people who like to stay up late. Around 10 per cent of people
qualify as ‘morning people’ or ‘larks’, and a further 20 per cent are ‘night owls’ – with the rest of
us falling somewhere in between. The brain differences might help to explain why ‘night owls’
seem to be at greater risk of depression than ‘larks’. Brain scans have shown ‘night owls’ have
a lower quality of white matter (tissue largely comprised of fatty insulating material that speeds
up the transmission of nerve signals) in areas of the brain associated with depression. ‘Night
owls’ should try to adjust their sleep patterns if they wish to avoid mental health problems."


In this case, how would you find an assumption?
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BrightBlueStar11
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#3
Report Thread starter 1 month ago
#3
wow thank you, now I understand the logic so thank you!

when you mentioned correlation vs causation, will the following statement will also be the case?:

"It is all very well for Europeans to expect African farmers and villagers to show the same
enthusiasm for lion protection schemes as ‘wildlife tourists’ and armchair conservationists who
deplore the killing or even the fencing-in of these noble and celebrated creatures. But it is
estimated that the average farm in Tanzania loses the equivalent of £600 a year in livestock
due to lions straying outside the boundaries of the national parks where they are protected and
growing in numbers. When out hunting, lions do not respect the difference between another
wild animal and a domesticated beast that is owned by someone and often of priceless value to
that person. Most European countries would not tolerate the presence of huge, wild,
man-eating cats roaming wild in the countryside, decimating their profits and killing their
children. They have proved this by hunting many native species perceived as dangerous –
wolves, bears, boar – to extinction, or by destroying their habitats. Why should Africa be
different?"
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