Can someone mark my AS Level 8 marker psychology essay on Zimbardo's procedure

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scr4ppy
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#1
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#1
Describe and evaluate the procedure of Zimbardo’s research into social roles (8 marks)

Zimbardo randomly assigned 22 US male student volunteers to roles of 11 prisoners and guards, although one participant decided to quit the study, leaving 10 guards. The prisoners were dressed in smocks, flip-flops, and assigned numbers to be referred to as, seen as humiliating. The guards wore uniforms and were given whistles, batons, and reflective sunglasses to present a higher position. Zimbardo himself took upon the role of a prison superintendent. The study was designed to last 2 weeks but was stopped after 6 days. The prisoners were “arrested” at their homes, blindfolded and taken to a mock prison in the basement of Stanford University.

One issue of this experiment was a lack of informed consent. The behaviour of the guards towards the prisoners could not be foreseen, so the consent given was not to what actually happened. Furthermore, the participants had not consented to being arrested in their homes. This is a limitation because no one could predict the behaviours occurred, which raises ethical concerns because the participants didn’t know how the experiment would end. However, due to this, it can be argued that the study had high validity as the behaviours were genuine.

Additionally, Zimbardo was involved in his own research as a prison superintendent which could suggest unreliable results as he could have influenced the experiment. This conflict of roles where he pretended to be less of a psychologist would have lead to biased results so the reliability of this study would need confirmation.

Moreover, Zimbardo’s sample consisted of predominately white middle-class male students. This leads to low external and population validity because it is hard to generalise to the wider population due to a biased sample.

However, it could be said that his research had high ecological validity due to being conducted in a realistic research setting as well as being well controlled considering the random allocation of participants to their roles. The research also collected good data including qualitative data through observations and quantitative data through interviews.

ik its kinda bad because we havent really practiced essays yet but i would appreciate if u gave me improvements/is this enough writing etc.
thanks !(:
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Squiggles1238
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#2
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Hello!
It looks good overall, and youve made some good points
You could maybe just start the essay with a sentence like “phillip zimbardo conducted the Stanford prison experiment in (i cant remember the date sorry!) to study social roles” just to briefly introduce it
You could use a counter argument of zimbardo being the superintendent, and say that it was a good thing because he could get a closer look at what was happening and observe it better than eg through s recording or through a tv screen in another room
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McGinger
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By posting this here on a public forum you have made certain that Turnitin, or any other plagarism software that your school/college uses, will now flag all over your work.
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rzi999
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(Original post by McGinger)
By posting this here on a public forum you have made certain that Turnitin, or any other plagarism software that your school/college uses, will now flag all over your work.
Plagiarism software isn’t used for a levels, that’s mainly for university level work
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rzi999
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(Original post by scr4ppy)
Describe and evaluate the procedure of Zimbardo’s research into social roles (8 marks)

Zimbardo randomly assigned 22 US male student volunteers to roles of 11 prisoners and guards, although one participant decided to quit the study, leaving 10 guards. The prisoners were dressed in smocks, flip-flops, and assigned numbers to be referred to as, seen as humiliating. The guards wore uniforms and were given whistles, batons, and reflective sunglasses to present a higher position. Zimbardo himself took upon the role of a prison superintendent. The study was designed to last 2 weeks but was stopped after 6 days. The prisoners were “arrested” at their homes, blindfolded and taken to a mock prison in the basement of Stanford University.

One issue of this experiment was a lack of informed consent. The behaviour of the guards towards the prisoners could not be foreseen, so the consent given was not to what actually happened. Furthermore, the participants had not consented to being arrested in their homes. This is a limitation because no one could predict the behaviours occurred, which raises ethical concerns because the participants didn’t know how the experiment would end. However, due to this, it can be argued that the study had high validity as the behaviours were genuine.

Additionally, Zimbardo was involved in his own research as a prison superintendent which could suggest unreliable results as he could have influenced the experiment. This conflict of roles where he pretended to be less of a psychologist would have lead to biased results so the reliability of this study would need confirmation.

Moreover, Zimbardo’s sample consisted of predominately white middle-class male students. This leads to low external and population validity because it is hard to generalise to the wider population due to a biased sample.

However, it could be said that his research had high ecological validity due to being conducted in a realistic research setting as well as being well controlled considering the random allocation of participants to their roles. The research also collected good data including qualitative data through observations and quantitative data through interviews.

ik its kinda bad because we havent really practiced essays yet but i would appreciate if u gave me improvements/is this enough writing etc.
thanks !(:
Well structured and the content shows your understanding of the study very well! As a suggestion to take it a step further, you could elaborate on your evaluation points. For example, zimbardo being one of the superintendents means that he is more likely to perceive behaviours as being caused by the study environment rather than other factors. This means that the findings would be skewed by his involvement!
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scr4ppy
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#6
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#6
(Original post by McGinger)
By posting this here on a public forum you have made certain that Turnitin, or any other plagarism software that your school/college uses, will now flag all over your work.
does that mean they will steal it ):
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ciaralb
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#7
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(Original post by scr4ppy)
does that mean they will steal it ):
No, TurnItIn is a programme used to detect plagiarism in work that’s been handed in but it’s only used in terms of coursework and university assignments. Don’t panic about it.
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