Two white solids are known to be the compounds magnesium nitrate and barium nitrate. Both solids are soluble in water.
Tests were carried out on the two compounds and the following results were obtained.
Dilute sulfuric acid was added to an aqueous solution of each compound. One showed no change; the other reacted to form a white precipitate.
Dilute sodium hydroxide was added to an aqueous solution of each compound. One showed no change; the other reacted to form a white precipitate.
The solids were heated separately. Both decomposed to form a white residue, a brown gas and a gas which relit a glowing splint. However, one solid decomposed faster than the other.
Discuss how observations from all three tests can be used to identify the two solids.
You should include equations for any reactions that take place (state symbols are not required).