Hey, can someone read and critique my 16 marker for the working memory model. It took me 18 minutes to complete. I'm not entirely sure I'm actually answering the question effectively so I'm looking for any help. Let me know what you think this may get out of 16 and what I can improve on.
Outline and evaluate the cognitive interview. (16 marks).
The cognitive interview is a type of interview created to improve the accuracy of eyewitness testimony. It was created by Giesalmann and Fisher. The cognitive interview has 4 components. Mental reinstatement; this is when the witness describes their thoughts and feelings while the event happened in order to trigger any internal or external cues. Change of perspective is when the witness imagines the event in someone else perspective in order to limit schema effects and stop the witness filling in any blanks from their past experiences. Change of narrative order, which is when the witness describes the event in a different narrative order in order to make any small details 'stick out' that didn't initially. Then there is reporting everything, where the witness describes every single detail they can in case it becomes useful to the police.
A strength of the cognitive interview is that it is more successful than standard interviews. Giesalmann conducted a staged situation in his lecture hall where a confederate came in with a blue backpack and stole the projector. Giesalmann found that when he interviewed the witnesses, the witnesses interviewed with the cognitive interview were far less susceptible to leading questons that insinuated the backpack was green then witnesses interviewed with a standard interview. This is significant as it not only means the cognitive interview is more accurate in combatting leading questions, but it also led to a more accurate testimony, meaning the interview measures what it claims to measure, meaning it has high validity.
A weakness of the cognitive interview is that it isn't very practical. The cognitive interview not only requires an interviewer to be trained to conduct the cognitive interview, but it also requires more time than os operationally available for the police force and requires more time than its standard counterpart. This is significant, as although it provides an effective improvement to eyewitness testimony, its more time consuming nature limits the cognitive interviews practicality.
A weakness of the cognitive interview is that it isn't effective when treating certain types of people. For example, the cognitive interview isn't effective at treating children or people with anxiety. This is because they may not be able to change their perspective or mental reinstate themselves at the crime scene. This is significant as it means the cognitive interview isn't an effective resource for all potential witnesses and as a result also limits its effectiveness. However, the development of the cognitive interview combats this by having the witness and interviewer build up a trusting relationship before hand.
A strength of the cognitive interview is that it has had positive effects on the economy. Due to eyewitness testimony improving greatly; researchers have found that recall is 46% accurate and memory accuracy 90% accurate. This means the justice system is more efficient, meaning a trial is less likely to cost as much money. This is significant as not only does it have positive ramifications for the economy, but it also protects society from potentially dangerous individuals.