hey what would you give my 8 marker out of 8? and what improvements would you suggest?
outline and evaluate the effects of institutionalisation (8 marks)
institutionilisation refers to living in an institutional settings such as orphanages for an extended period of time, normally with little to no emotional care provided. romanian orphan studies such as rutters have illustrated the effects. additionally, ritter gathered 195 romanian orphans and adopted them into the UK, he found that half of the adoptees were malnourished, with the mean IQ of children adopted before 6 months being 102, whereas the mean IQ for children adopted after 6 months was below 70. the research demonstrates how being adopted after 6 months can have affects on intellectual ability such as low IQ, potentially leading to IDD. furthermore, the children adopted after 6 months also suffered socially, with them displaying signs of disinhibjted attachment. this includes attention seeking and clingy ness and being equally affectionate to strangers as well as people they know. rutter explained this occurred due to adapting to having multiple caregivers during the sensitive period
a strength of romanian orphan studies is that there’s further research support highlighting the effects of institutions. zeanhar assessed romanian orphans and compared them to a control group of children who had no experiences in institutions. the findings consisted of 19% of the institutional group having a secure attachment with over 40% having a disinhibited attachment, compared to the control group with over 70% having a secure attachment. therefore, zeanhars research illustrates the social effect institutions can have which is preventing secure attachments and increasing the chance of disinhibited attachments
additionally, romanian orphan studies have changed the way children are cared for in institutions like orphanages. this is a strength because orphans are now only assigned one ‘key worker’ to play a central role for their needs, allowing them to develop a secure attachment whilst preventing disinhibited attachments. therefore, demonstrating the practical value orphan studies have had in the real world. highlighting how in modern society the effects of institutionalisation are less severe