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    what is the difference between the state and government?

    thanks x
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    State is: 1) an independent country; 2) the political system of a country represented by its government (i.e. the permanent embodiment of the political system - the members of the government hold the power of the state during their term in office).

    Government is: 1) the way of ruling or controlling a country; 2) an organisation which administers a country or part of a country; 3) [something] coming from the government or referring to the government.

    That might help you work out the differences.
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    The government is part of the state. The state refers to all institutions, the government is just the governing body who manage the day to day workings of a state.
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    The difference is that the state - at least in the UK is non-party political. Simply put all the things that don't change at election time - the police, the schools (your teacher is a state - not government - employee), the civil service.

    The government is the ruling party of the day - at the present Labour - and it is very party political.

    A simple way to work it out is to watch an episode of 'Yes, Minister'.
    The Minister (Hacker) is government.
    The Civil Servant (Sir Humphrey Appleby) is state.
    Bernard is actually state (being a civil servant) but does quite a bit of government business - like reminding the minister to vote in the House of Commons - showing the division between the two isn't always crystal clear.
 
 
 
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